Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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  • Article
    16 Junio 2002

    As of 1 April 2002, a new Labour Code for the private sector and new labour
    legislation for the public sector came into force in the Slovak Republic. The
    previous Labour Code (adopted in 1965), amended more than 30 times, played a
    very important role in providing a comprehensive codification of employment
    and working conditions in Czechoslovakia, and as from 1 January 1993 (the
    date that the independent Slovak Republic was established) in Slovakia, too.
    It applied to all employees and employers equally, regardless of whether they
    were active in companies conducting a business or in public organisations.

  • Article
    16 Junio 2002

    During late May 2002, several new collective agreements were concluded in the
    bargaining area covering 'semi-privatised' organisations, represented by the
    NAVO employers' body. The new agreements were all concluded with the
    assistance of the state mediator, and the negotiations were reported to have
    been complex and demanding.

  • Report
    14 Junio 2002
    This report compares the work situation of permanent workers and those in 'non-standard' employment: part-time jobs, non-permanent employment and self-employment. It covers aspects such as working time, task flexibility, skills development, physical risk factors and psycho-social demands. Its findings are based on data from the Foundation's Third European Survey on Working Conditions 2000.
  • CAR
    13 Junio 2002

    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [1] and should be read in conjunction with it.


  • Foundation paper
    13 Junio 2002

    Foundation papers aim to highlight knowledge and analysis emanating from the Foundation’s research themes: employment, equal opportunities, social inclusion, time use and diversity. The objective of the papers is to make past, present and future work of the Foundation relevant and accessible in a synthesised format. The subject of each paper will be linked to current social policy issues and offers therefore a timely contribution to the debate at European level. The second Foundation paper focuses on improving access to employment, specifically for groups who are disadvantaged in the labour market.

  • Article
    12 Junio 2002

    In May 2002, Portugal's new government announced a number of measures to
    address the mounting public deficit, including restructuring, a freeze on
    public service recruitment, the non-renewal of fixed-term contracts and
    possible greater mobility for civil servants. Trade unions, which believe
    that 50,000 jobs may be under threat, are seeking negotiations, while
    organising protests and threatening legal action.

  • Article
    11 Junio 2002

    In 1993, the rules of the occupational injury insurance scheme governing the
    possibility of having an injury or a disease recognised as having been caused
    by work were made much stricter, and this has attracted considerable
    criticism since. The number of recognised work injuries decreased
    considerably after 1993, as did insurance costs. The number of reported cases
    fell from 250,000 a year to about 108,000, while the number of injuries and
    diseases recognised as such by the social insurance service fell from 67,000
    cases in 1992 to 7,300 in 1997 (SE0106106F [1]). Female workers especially
    had difficulties in having their injuries recognised as being work-related.
    During the past few years however, the number of reported cases has started
    to rise again. Between 1997 and 1999 the number of work-related diseases
    reported by female workers increased by 60%, while for male workers, the
    increase was 40%. The rise continued in 2000.


  • Article
    11 Junio 2002

    May 2002 saw the publication of the findings of Spain's EPA labour force
    survey for the first quarter of 2002. This was the first set of EPA
    statistics since a number of methodological changes were made as part of a
    process of greater EU harmonisation. One major and controversial effect of
    the changes is to narrow the group of people considered as unemployed by the
    EPA, excluding some 500,000 people from the official figures. However,
    despite the statistical changes, there was a major rise in unemployment in
    the first quarter of 2002.

  • Article
    11 Junio 2002

    From 1 July 2002, the daily rate of unemployment benefit will be increased.
    Benefit stands at 80% of former pay, but subject to a maximum cash figure.
    The minimum daily rate will be increased from SEK 270 to SEK 320. During the
    first 100 days of unemployment, the maximum rate will be raised from SEK 680
    to SEK 730. From the 101st day onward, the maximum is increased from SEK 580
    to SEK 680.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications