Publications

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Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Civil service strike threats

    The hard core of the strike threat are 10,000 civil servants in internal revenue collection and in the customs service. They have two complaints:
  • Trends in temporary work in Greece

    In Greece, temporary work, especially in the form of fixed-term contracts, constitutes a policy widespread amongst enterprises in both private and public sectors. Although the phenomenon of temporary work has decreased considerably in comparison with the early 1990s, when its incidence was twice that of the EU average (18% and 9% respectively), it is still quite high (10.5% and 11% respectively). A factor contributing to this decrease was the decision of the Government in the course of 1990 to dismiss 50,000 temporary public employees as part of its attempt to rationalise the functioning of the public sector.
  • New Career Breaks Bill promotes care and study leave

    Under the terms of a new bill, announced in April 1997, employees in the Netherlands will be entitled to benefits if they interrupt their careers for care or study leave, on condition that the employer hires an unemployed person for the same period
  • Davignon group on worker involvement publishes recommendations

    The high-level expert group on worker involvement was established in 1996 with the aim of developing solutions to break the 25-year deadlock on European Commission proposals containing clauses on worker involvement, and in particular, the European Company Statute (ECS). The Commission has repeatedly stressed the importance of such a statute, enabling the incorporation of companies at EU level, in order to improve the competitiveness of European companies. Such proposals have long remained blocked in the Council of Ministers, largely because of concerns from countries with advanced employee participation systems which fear that the ECS could be used by companies to circumvent national legislation in this area. Similarly, a solution would have to avoid imposing foreign models of employee representation upon member states where there is currently no provision for the appointment of worker representatives to the boards of companies.
  • Pact for partnership 1997 at Mohn printing shop

    On 29 April 1997, the management and works council at Mohn GmbH, a subsidiary of one of Germany's biggest media corporations, Bertelsmann, signed a works agreement [1]- known as the "Pact for partnership 1997" - for the 1,700 or so employees at the Mohn printing works in Gütersloh. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-agreement-0
  • Tripartite agreement on Employment Alliance for eastern Germany

    On 22 May 1997, a new employment alliance for eastern Germany was concluded between the German Federal Government, the German Trade Union Federation (DGB), the German Salaried Employees' Union (DAG), the Confederation of German Employers' Associations (BDA), the Confederation of German Industries (BDI), the German Association of Chambers of Commerce (DIHT), the Central Association of German Crafts (ZDH) and the Associations of the Credit Institutions (Kreditgewerbe). Its primary objectives are to: speed up the transformation process of the eastern German economy; boost growth; reduce unit labour costs; stabilise employment in 1997 at the level of 1996; and create 100,000 new jobs in each of the following years.
  • First agreement for social welfare institutions

    April 1997 saw the conclusion of the first collective agreement covering Portuguese social welfare institutions, where conditions of employment were previously governed by state regulations.
  • Minor employment to gain social security coverage

    Employment yielding less than ATS 3,740 gross per month or less than ATS 859 per week or ATS 288 per day, is defined as "minor". Below this threshold, neither employee nor employer has to contribute to the national pension or health or unemployment insurance. Only national accident insurance has to be paid. Minor employment therefore does not earn an entitlement to unemployment benefits, maternity benefits, a pension, or medical coverage. On the other hand, because of the lower cost, minor employment may be an incentive for employers to hire.
  • Bank moves on performance-related pay

    One of Ireland's smallest banks, the Ulster Bank, is seeking to replace its incremental-based pay system with a new performance-related reward scheme for most of its 1,000 staff in the Republic of Ireland. The bank's proposals have been resisted by members of the banking union, the Irish Bank Officials Association (IBOA). They have, however, been accepted by its staff in Northern Ireland who are part of the British industrial relations system.
  • UNICE urges IGC to prioritise competitiveness

    In its recently published opinion on the conclusion of the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC), the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE) underlines the need for the negotiating parties to "place a strengthening of Europe's competitiveness at the heart of the (new) Treaty, since promotion of competitiveness is the sine qua non to increase employment". The promotion of employment can, according to UNICE, never be treated in isolation. While European employers have repeatedly pronounced themselves in favour of the Essen employment strategy, they are keen to underline that responsibility for employment policy must continue to lie primarily with the member states.

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