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  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    According to the yearly wage statistics from the Danish Employers'
    Confederation (DA), 1996 was the most conflict-free year for the private
    sector labour market in the 1990s. From 1995 to 1996, the number of
    unofficial strikes - defined as those in contravention of a collective
    agreement - fell from 1,740 to 791 and the number of working days lost
    decreased by 70% to 52,808 in 1996. Although there was an overall decrease in
    working days lost, the proportion of working days lost due to wage
    disagreements increased from 45% to 52% and conflicts related to redundancies
    and dismissals increased from 5% to 13%. Between 1995 and 1996 secondary
    action fell drastically, from 34% to 9% of the total number of working days
    lost. This can be attributed to the 1995 bus conflict ("RiBus-konflikten"),
    one of the longest disputes in post-war Danish industrial relations.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    Akzo Nobel has announced that it will not observe its 1995 collective
    agreement and that it will abandon the introduction of a standard 36-hour
    week as of 1 July 1997. Its new proposals have divided the unions.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    Over the past decade there has been increasing concern among the institutions
    of the European Union about the rising tide of racism across the member
    states. In a recent address to a conference on combating racism organised by
    the ETUC, social affairs commissioner Padraig Flynn highlighted the
    importance of the fight against racism in "achieving improved working
    conditions, creating jobs, improved industrial relations, the use of human
    resources to the best possible effect, social justice, equal opportunities,
    wealth and tolerance".

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    On Thursday 27 February 1997 Renault announced - completely unexpectedly -
    the closure of its Belgian production plant in Vilvoorde by July of this
    year. As a result, more than 3,000 Renault employees and an estimated 1,500
    employees in direct supply companies will lose their jobs. There is a general
    consensus that the decision ignored all legal rules and procedures concerning
    factory closures. This includes ILO and OECD procedures as well as national
    codes of conduct, and European Union and national legislation on collective
    redundancies and works council rights. These regulations lay down that
    employees have to be notified before a decision about a factory closure is
    made and informed about the ways in which the company plans to deal with the
    consequences for the employees.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    A protest march on the Dail by rank-and-file members of the Irish police
    force, the Garda Siochana, was due to take place on 16 April to highlight
    their demand for the first independent review of police pay since 1981.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    In an ongoing industrial dispute, trade unions have accused the public sector
    corporation, EPI (the Italian Postal Organisation), of not respecting
    collective agreements and commitments on employment.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    On 13 March, after long debate between ministries, trade unions, and
    provincial governments, the national Government submitted a reform package
    covering the Arbeitslosenversicherungsgesetz(Unemployment Insurance Act), the
    Fremdengesetz(Aliens Act), the Aufenthaltsgesetz(Residence Act), the
    Ausländerbeschäftigungsgesetz(Aliens Employment Act), and the
    Asylgesetz(Asylum Act). The aim is to homogenise the laws, to reduce
    immigration to an absolute minimum compatible with human rights and the
    Geneva Convention on the Rights of Refugees, and to improve the integration
    of the resident foreign population. The reform package is now open to public
    debate, and will be submitted to Parliament before the summer. Changes are
    intended to take effect as of 1 January 1998.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    On 13 March 1997, the readers of Sweden's leading morning paper /Dagens
    Nyheter/ learnt about an unusual appeal, drawn up jointly by the pugnacious
    chair of Handelsanställdas förbund (Commercial Employees' Union), the
    leaders of the two employers' organisations in commerce and the managing
    directors of three leading retail chains.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    Since the beginning of the 1990s, the German system of centralised sectoral
    collective bargaining (Flächentarifvertrag), which guarantees all employees
    in a certain sector more or less the same basic income and working
    conditions, has been under increasing pressure. With growing
    internationalisation of capital and markets and an increasing pressure of
    international competition, more and more employers and economic experts have
    been demanding a more decentralised and company-related collective bargaining
    system. German unification in 1990 brought a further dynamism to the debate.
    Originally, all the relevant social partners agreed to transfer the western
    collective bargaining system to eastern Germany, but because of the
    continuing immense economic problems. more and more eastern employers became
    dissatisfied with that decision. For instance, in the eastern metal industry
    the proportion of employers who are members of an employers' association
    decreased from 60% in 1991 to 36% in 1994 - though still covering between 55%
    and 65% of the employees ("Ostdeutsche Tariflandschaften", Ingrid Artus and
    Rudi Schmidt, in Die Mitbestimmung No. 11, p. 34-36 (1996)).

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications