Publications

1203 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Education summit calls for more training for young migrants

    On 22 October 2008, representatives of the federal and state governments met in Dresden, in the eastern federal state of Saxony, to discuss future education policy in Germany. The ‘Education summit’ was opened by the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, who called for more investment in education. Essential goals were set out in a joint declaration (in German, 190Kb PDF) [1]. It was agreed that spending on education was to be raised to 10% of gross domestic product (GDP) by 2015. Furthermore, Chancellor Merkel stressed that the drop-out rates for school pupils and vocational trainees must be halved by 2015 – from 8% to 4% for school pupils and from 17% to 8.5% for vocational trainees. The needs of migrants, in particular, were addressed by the joint declaration at the education summit. However, any future measures must consider the significant differences that still exist between the integration of migrants and Germans into the labour market. These differences were analysed in a recent study by the Institute for Employment Research (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, IAB [2]). [1] http://www.bundesregierung.de/Content/DE/__Anlagen/2008/10/2008-10-22-bildungsgipfel,property=publicationFile.pdf [2] http://www.iab.de/de
  • Trade union organises support fund for glassworkers

    Numerous companies of the glass manufacturing group Bohemia Crystalex Trading [1] have been in insolvency proceedings since 22 September 2008. This includes the two glassworks companies Sklo Bohemia [2] in Světlá nad Sázavou in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic located on the frontier between Bohemia and Moravia, and Sklárny Bohemia [3] in Poděbrady in central Bohemia. Until the insolvency proceedings were initiated, the group did not owe any salaries to employees. It only began to experience problems when the banks froze its accounts (for more information on the Czech glass industry crisis, see *CZ0810039I* [4]). Thus, about 1,750 workers at the company’s plants in Poděbrady and Světlá nad Sázavou did not receive their salaries for September 2008. [1] http://www.bct.cz/ [2] http://www.sklobohemia.cz/index_en.html [3] http://www.sklarny-bohemia.cz/ [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/glass-industry-crisis-continues
  • National pay talks get underway amid economic crisis

    The international financial crisis hit Belgium from September 2008 onwards. Two of the country’s largest banks – Fortis [1] and Dexia [2] – began to experience severe problems, which have been exacerbated by the financial problems of other banks around the world. The value of their stocks, as well as the stocks of most other Belgian companies, plunged. The government tried to control the situation by taking part ownership in the banks and guaranteeing their deposits. In early October, Fortis was split into two parts: the Dutch part was nationalised, while the Belgian division was sold to the French bank BNP Paribas [3]. [1] https://www.bnpparibasfortis.be [2] http://www.dexia.be/ [3] http://www.bnpparibas.com/en/home/
  • Top-level pay cuts as government secures banking system

    Against the backdrop of the global financial crisis and a domestic budgetary shortfall, considerable attention has been focused on the level of top salaries. This applies, in particular, to executives in the main Irish banks, which are underpinned by taxpayer guarantees, and in respect of senior civil servants and politicians, who are aware of the public spending constraints on the government. Meanwhile, in mid November 2008, unionised workers formally agreed to a 6% pay rise over 21 months as part of the latest national pay agreement – known as the ‘transitional agreement’ (*IE0810019I* [1]) – under the framework of the Towards 2016 (2.86Mb PDF) [2] national social partnership framework. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-agree-national-deal-on-pay-and-industrial-relations [2] http://www.taoiseach.gov.ie/attached_files/Pdf files/Towards2016PartnershipAgreement.pdf
  • Spotlight on four years of sectoral social dialogue

    An EU PHARE [1] project, launched in June 2002, sought to address one of the biggest shortcomings of the Hungarian industrial relations system: the lack of proper social dialogue [2] at sectoral level. The project aimed to establish bipartite sectoral social dialogue committees (Ágazati Párbeszéd Bizottságok) in 18 industries in Hungary. These committees seek to provide appropriate forums for consultation on sectoral policies, to facilitate collective bargaining [3] and to enable the Hungarian social partners to play an active role in EU-level sectoral social dialogue (*HU0212106F* [4]). [1] http://europa.eu/scadplus/leg/en/lvb/e50004.htm [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/social-dialogue [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/collective-bargaining [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/project-seeks-to-strengthen-autonomous-social-dialogue-at-sector-level
  • Restructuring in airline sector in bid to keep afloat

    The Spanish air transport sector has experienced strong growth in recent years, leading to an increase in the number of operators and greater competition. Over the last year, however, the continuing increase in fuel prices and decrease in business due to the global economic crisis have threatened the continuity of many companies in the sector.
  • Government proposal for wage commission agreed after strong criticism

    On 18 September 2008, the Danish government sent an invitation to the social partners to participate in the creation of a commission to ‘identify, analyse and discuss several issues regarding wages, recruitment and management conditions in the public sector’.
  • Ongoing gender differences in the labour market

    The Estonian national statistics agency Statistics Estonia (Statistikaamet, SA [1]) has published in 2008, as part of its information sheet series, an analysis entitled ‘Women and men in employment’ (Naised ja mehed palgatööjõus (in Estonian, 283Kb PDF) [2]). The analysis is based on data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS), which has been conducted on a regular basis since 1995. The target population of the survey are the working-age residents of Estonia – those aged 15–74 years. The survey results are representative of the whole population. [1] http://www.stat.ee/?lang=en [2] http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/29560
  • Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Railways sector

    This report examines the operations of social partner organisations and collective bargaining in the railways sector. The first part, focusing on rail operations, was carried out in 2006, while the second part, on rail infrastructure, was completed in 2007. Each part consists of three main sections. The first section outlines the economic background of the railways sector. The second section analyses the social partner organisations in all Member States of the European Union, apart from Cyprus, Malta and (in the case of railway operations) Sweden, with particular emphasis on membership, role in collective bargaining and public policy, and national and European affiliations. The final section profiles the relevant European organisations, in particular their membership composition and capacity to negotiate. The aim of the EIRO representativeness studies is to identify the relevant national and supranational social partner organisations in the field of industrial relations in selected sectors. The impetus for these studies arises from the goal of the European Commission to recognise the representative social partner associations to be consulted under the EC Treaty provisions. Hence, this study seeks to provide the basic information required to establish sectoral social dialogue.
  • Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Railways sector – United Kingdom

    The aim of this representativeness study is to identify the respective national and supranational actors (i.e. trade unions and employer organisations) in the field of industrial relations in the railways sector in the United Kingdom. In or...

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