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  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    On 13 March 1997, the readers of Sweden's leading morning paper /Dagens
    Nyheter/ learnt about an unusual appeal, drawn up jointly by the pugnacious
    chair of Handelsanställdas förbund (Commercial Employees' Union), the
    leaders of the two employers' organisations in commerce and the managing
    directors of three leading retail chains.

  • Article
    27 Marzo 1997

    On 5 March 1997, the Italian Prime Minister, Romano Prodi, informed the
    political parties and social partners about the report drawn up by the
    "Commission for macroeconomic compatibility of social expenditure", a
    committee of experts established by the Government and chaired by Professor
    Paolo Onofri. The proposals for reform deal with all the key elements of
    public spending: healthcare, public assistance, and, of particular interest
    for the industrial relations system, pensions and labour market policies.
    This document drew critical reactions from the trade union confederations,
    while the evaluation from the Confindustria employers' confederation was
    fairly positive.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    At its plenary session of 13-17 January 1997, the European Parliament debated
    two important measures relating to employee consultation in European
    companies. After the European Works Councils (EWCs) Directive was passed in
    1994, the Commission published a Communication on the future of employee
    consultation in November 1995, in order to revive a legislative issue which
    has been under discussion in various forms for over 15 years. Its aim was to
    explore whether the model used for determining the structure and operation of
    EWCs could be used in a wider context as a basis for making progress with the
    long-delayed European Company Statute.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    Unskilled young people aged between 20 and 24 must undertake training or work
    experience programmes in order to maintain their right to receive
    unemployment benefit, according to a recent amendment to the Act on Labour
    Market Support.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    As the legislation regulating the postal delivery monopoly will expire by the
    end of 1997, on 18 February Germany's governing coalition parties proposed a
    new law which would limit the exclusive licence of Deutsche Post AG, the
    national postal service, to handling letters weighting under 100g, and this
    only until the end of 2002. According to the Ministry responsible, this
    proposal would reduce Deutsche Post's current monopoly to 87% of the standard
    letter market. The proposed new law would also open completely the bulk mail
    market to licensed competitors from 1 January 1998.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    According to the UGT trade union confederation, during the 1996 collective
    bargaining round pay increases were generally settled in line with the Social
    Concertation Agreement for that year.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    The executive committee (sekretariatet) of the Norwegian Confederation of
    Trade Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, or LO), the largest union
    confederation in Norway, has recommended a programme of action containing a
    set of policy principles for the period 1997-2001. The programme encompasses
    a wide variety of social and economic issues and is to be adopted at the
    confederation's congress on 10-16 May 1997 after a plenary debate.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    The Ford Motor Company announced on 16 January 1997 that it was to cut 1,300
    jobs at its Halewood plant on Merseyside (in the north-west of England) This
    was after five days of speculation following a report in the /Observer/
    newspaper that Ford wanted to install new efficient working practices, and
    that it would threaten to build its new -generation Escort model elsewhere,
    or close the plant altogether if trade unions did not agree to concessions.
    It was confirmed on 16 January that production of the new-model Escort would
    not include Halewood but instead be located at Saarlouis (Germany) and
    Valencia (Spain), and furthermore that Halewood would also immediately reduce
    its shift pattern to one shift per day. Because production of the old-model
    Escort is due to be phased out by 2000, there appears to be a real threat of
    the plant closing down altogether


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications