In recent years, the issue of flexicurity – how to maintain a balance between the needs of companies for more flexibility in employment contracts and the needs of workers for flexible working hours and for security of employment – has shifted to centre-stage in the policy arena. This report looks at the impact of the ongoing trend towards greater flexibility in the European labour market. It explores whether the trend has contributed to a better work–life balance for workers and reveals the long-term effects of working in non-standard contracts and working part time on individuals’ careers, incomes and employment security.
This research report focuses on migration intentions of Europeans and investigates the main determinants of these intentions. The main advantage of studying mobility intentions – rather than studying migrants in their destination country – is that this approach is not biased by selectivity issues. There is indeed a large body of literature showing that migrants self-select in labour markets where their return-to-skills is expected to be larger. Moreover, literature suggests that it is not simply mobility that is of interest in socioeconomic models, but the potential for mobility.