Labour market change

European Jobs Monitor 2019: Shifts in the employment structure at regional level

Report
Uuendatud
07 Oktoober 2019
Avaldatud
07 Oktoober 2019
Vormingud
Executive summary in 22 languages

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Kokkuvõte

Accumulating evidence indicates that large metropolitan centres are faring much better than other regions within the Member States of the EU. Such interregional inequality contributes to disenchantment with existing political systems, which in turn can weaken the social bonds that ground democratic systems. This is the context for the 2019 edition of the European Jobs Monitor, which analyses shifts in the employment structure – meaning change in the distribution of employment across occupations and sectors – of the EU regions. The analysis covers 130 regions of 9 Member States, which together account for nearly 4 out of 5 EU workers. The study finds that, while Member States are becoming more similar in their employment structures, regions within the same country are becoming more disparate. It also finds that cities have a disproportionately high share of well-paid, high-skilled services employment alongside growth in low-paid employment. The findings support continued EU regional policy assistance of regions in danger of being left behind. 

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    100
    Reference No: 
    EF19036
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-2016-8
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-AN-19-101-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/997207
    Catalogue info

    European Jobs Monitor 2019: Shifts in the employment structure at regional level

    Accumulating evidence indicates that large metropolitan centres are faring much better than other regions within the Member States of the EU. Such interregional inequality contributes to disenchantment with existing political systems, which in turn can weaken the social bonds that ground democratic systems. This is the context for the 2019 edition of the European Jobs Monitor, which analyses shifts in the employment structure – meaning change in the distribution of employment across occupations and sectors – of the EU regions.

    Available formats

    Cite this publication as: 
    Eurofound and European Commission Joint Research Centre (2019), European Jobs Monitor 2019: Shifts in the employment structure at regional level, European Jobs Monitor series, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    EF190361
    Catalogue info

    Euroopa töökohtade uuring 2019: muutused piirkondliku tasandi tööhõivestruktuuris

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    Üha rohkem on tõendeid, et ELi liikmesriikides läheb suurlinnakeskustel palju paremini kui muudel piirkondadel. Selline piirkondadevaheline ebavõrdsus tekitab rahulolematust olemasolevate poliitiliste süsteemidega, mis omakorda võib nõrgestada demokraatlike süsteemide aluseks olevaid sotsiaalseid sidemeid. Selles kontekstis on koostatud Euroopa töökohtade uuringu 2019. aasta väljaanne, milles analüüsitakse muutusi ELi piirkondade tööhõivestruktuuris, st muutusi tööhõive jaotuses elukutsete ja sektorite lõikes. Analüüs hõlmab üheksa riigi 130 piirkonda, kus kokku töötab peaaegu neli viiest ELi töötajast. Uuringus järeldatakse, et kuigi liikmesriikide tööhõivestruktuurid on muutumas sarnasemaks, on suurenemas sama riigi eri piirkondade vaheline ebavõrdsus. Samuti järeldatakse, et linnades moodustavad hästi tasustatud ja kõrget kvalifikatsiooni nõudvad töökohad teenindussektoris ebaproportsionaalselt suure osa, samal ajal on kasvanud madalapalgaliste töökohtade arv. Järeldused toetavad ELi regionaalpoliitilise abi andmise jätkamist piirkondadele, mis on mahajäämise ohus.

    Available in 22 languages for download

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  • Data

Part of the series

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

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