Anticipating and managing the impact of change

Digiteerimine töökohal

Report
Avaldatud
25 Oktoober 2021
pdf
Formats and languages
Executive summary in 22 languages
Allalaadimine
Autor(id): 
Riso, Sara

Peamised tähelepanekud

  • The presence of innovation clusters that support innovation is an important enabling factor for the implementation of digitisation in the workplace. Good practices that highlight the business case and raise awareness about the opportunities that digitisation technologies can provide are critical to the higher uptake of new technologies.
Read more
  • The presence of innovation clusters that support innovation is an important enabling factor for the implementation of digitisation in the workplace. Good practices that highlight the business case and raise awareness about the opportunities that digitisation technologies can provide are critical to the higher uptake of new technologies.
  • The area in work most impacted by new technologies is task definition and content, with the Internet of Things (IoT) putting a greater emphasis on managerial and analytical tasks, 3D printing reducing physically demanding tasks, and virtual and augmented reality (VR/AR) either enriching or simplifying existing tasks. This drives the upgrading of skills and a rise in job discretion, mainly among managerial and engineering professionals, and less so for lower skilled and blue-collar workers. Public support in the form of funding, incentives and advice can help companies and smaller businesses with fewer resources to identify skills gaps and assist with measures to meet the skills required for digitisation technologies.
  • Management decisions play an important role in how digitisation technologies impact on work organisation and job quality. A digitisation strategy with a phased approach, based on experimentation and piloting underpinned by a high level of employee involvement in the innovation process, can contribute to more positive outcomes for both workers and organisations.
  • Social dialogue plays a critical role in digitisation at the workplace at many different levels. At company level, a digitisation approach that disregards employee participation and engagement will amplify negative impacts on working conditions. In the context of technological change, social dialogue also encourages greater acceptance by employees of new technologies.
  • IoT is the most pervasive of the three technologies examined, raising the greatest concerns when used for employee performance monitoring and requiring greater safeguards to protect workers’ fundamental rights. At European level, one avenue to address the issue of employee monitoring can be the EU social partners’ negotiation of a specific framework agreement on the collection and use of personal data in the employment context.
Read less

Kokkuvõte

Digipöörde ümberkujundava potentsiaali uurimine kaldub kasutama kvantitatiivset lähenemist, püüdes jälgida digiteerimisest tingitud muutusi tööhõive tasandil. Digiteerimist käsitlevas poliitilises mõttevahetuses on läbivaks teemaks olnud hirm töökohtade kaotuse ja digitaaltehnoloogia põhjustatud Read more

Digipöörde ümberkujundava potentsiaali uurimine kaldub kasutama kvantitatiivset lähenemist, püüdes jälgida digiteerimisest tingitud muutusi tööhõive tasandil. Digiteerimist käsitlevas poliitilises mõttevahetuses on läbivaks teemaks olnud hirm töökohtade kaotuse ja digitaaltehnoloogia põhjustatud negatiivsete häirete ees. See aruanne põhineb aga juhtuuringul ja käsitleb kvalitatiivsemat lähenemist valitud digitehnoloogiate (asjade internet, 3D-printimine ning virtuaal- ja liitreaalsus) mõju uurimisele töökohal. Kuigi digitehnoloogiaga võib kaasneda palju võimalusi ja see on osutunud kasulikuks nii töötajatele kui ka organisatsioonidele, on vaja kehtestada kaitsemeetmed, et tagada töötajate andmekaitse ja eraelu puutumatus. 
Hästi toimiv sotsiaaldialoog on samuti olulise tähtsusega, et saada kasu digitehnoloogiast ning hoida ära või minimeerida negatiivseid tagajärgi.
 

Read less

Formats and languages

  • Aruanne

    Lehekülgi: 
    72
    Viitenumber: 
    EF21001
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-2207-0
    Katalooginumber: 
    TJ-09-21-427-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/806842
    Catalogue info

    Digiteerimine töökohal

    Autor(id): 
    Riso, Sara

    Vormingud

    Väljaande viide: 

    Eurofound (2021), Digitisation in the workplace, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

  • Executive summary

    Viitenumber: 
    EF21001EN1
    Catalogue info

    Digiteerimine töökohal

    Autor(id): 
    Eurofound

    Allalaaditav 22 keeles

    Allalaadimine
  • Tables and graphs

    The report contains the following tables and graphs.

    List of tables

    Table 1: Definitions of digitisation technologies
    Table 2: Overview of the digitisation case studies
    Table 3: Most relevant sectors for technology uptake and use cases
    Table 4: Drivers of and barriers to the adoption of digitisation technologies
    Table 5: Overview of approaches to digitisation across the establishments investigated
    Table 6: Areas of work organisation most impacted by the use of digitisation technologies
    Table 7: Elements of job quality impacted by the use of digitisation technologies
    Table 8: Specific impacts of digitisation technologies on skills and discretion

    List of figures

    Figure 1: Analytical model for digital technologies
    Figure 2: Adoption by enterprises of IoT and 3D printing by size and sector, EU27, 2020 (%)
    Figure 3: Advanced technology use by enterprises (with at least 10 employees) by country, EU27, 2020 (%)
    Figure 4: Distribution of IoT clusters in Europe, 2019
    Figure 5: Key elements for successful technology implementation
     

Uuringud, mis tehti enne Ühendkuningriigi lahkumist Euroopa Liidust 31. jaanuaril 2020 ja avaldati hiljem, võivad sisaldada andmeid 28 ELi liikmesriigi kohta. Pärast seda kuupäeva võetakse uuringutes arvesse ainult 27 ELi liikmesriiki (EL 28 miinus Ühendkuningriik), kui ei ole märgitud teisiti.

Useful? Interesting? Tell us what you think. Hide comments

Lisa kommentaar