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  • Article
    27 Veebruar 1997

    Declining union membership and a legal and ideological attack on the role of
    trade unions over the past 17 years may have left many with the opinion that
    employees no longer value the right to act collectively. It has been argued
    that the attack on the unions throughout the 1980s and 1990s has left the
    unions weak and unable to protect members' rights. Alternatively, it has been
    argued that people now prefer to negotiate their own employment contracts
    individually and do not need trade unions.

  • Article
    27 Veebruar 1997

    Industrial action has accompanied trade unions' pay demands in Spain's public
    administration since late 1996, and the threat of further action has been
    made if negotiations are not started immediately.

  • Article
    27 Veebruar 1997

    The Employment and Labour Market Committee (ELC), established by a Council
    Decision on 20 December 1996, held its inaugural meeting in Brussels on 29
    January 1997. The ELC was created in response to a request by the European
    Council for the setting up of a stable structure to support the work of the
    Labour and Social Affairs Council in employment-related matters. This area
    has taken on a new dimension in the context of the" European employment
    strategy" outlined at the European Council in Essen in December 1994. The ELC
    is expected to improve the balance between employment, on the one hand, and
    economic and monetary issues, on the other hand, in the European debate. The
    new Committee will fulfil a similar role to that of the Economic Policy
    Committee which provides advice to the Economics and Financial Affairs
    Council (ECOFIN).

  • Article
    27 Veebruar 1997

    The Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund,
    ÖGB) and the Austrian Chamber of the Economy (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich,
    WKÖ) agreed the outlines of a reform of the apprenticeship system on 1 March
    1997. The precise details are to be agreed in a working group comprising
    officials of the social partners, the Ministry of Labour, the Ministry of the
    Economy, and experts from other, as yet unspecified, organisations.

  • Article
    27 Veebruar 1997

    At the beginning of February the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) set
    out its long term priorities for beyond the forthcoming general election. Its
    director general, Adair Turner said that "whatever happens between now and
    May, there are fundamental issues for business which need attention. The
    changing nature of the world in which we do business brings both
    opportunities and challenges, and the CBI should be at the heart of change."

  • Article
    27 Veebruar 1997

    February 1997 saw a major strike in Spain's road transport sector. The
    dispute was well supported, mainly in the north of the country, but was
    called off without winning many concessions from the Government.

  • Article
    27 Veebruar 1997

    The statutory minimum wage in Luxembourg has been increased by 3.2% from 1
    January 1997, as a result of legislation, and additionally by 2.5% from 1
    February 1997, under the terms of an index-linked mechanism.

  • Article
    27 Veebruar 1997

    Following the freezing of civil servants' salaries imposed by the Government
    for 1996, the Government announced the convening of pay negotiations which
    have been continually put off since the spring of 1996, but which will now
    not take place at all.

  • Article
    27 Veebruar 1997

    In January 1997, the European Commission adopted a report on the Promotion of
    Participation by Employed Persons in Profits and Enterprise Results,
    including equity participation (PEPPER II). The report suggests that
    profit-sharing schemes lead to higher productivity, whatever method, model
    specification and data are used. The macroeconomic situation was found to
    have little effect on government or social partner support for such schemes,
    but recent debates relating to enhancing productivity and wage flexibility
    are stimulating discussions on proposals. However, in most member states,
    trade unions can be expected to oppose the use of financial participation
    schemes to promote wage flexibility.

Series

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

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