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  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The demonstration for jobs originally organised by the European Trade Union
    Confederation for 28 May 1997, actually took place in France on 10 June, due
    to the timing of the general election.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    Over the last 10 or so years, the Dutch labour market has been characterised
    by increasing flexibility and fragmentation. There is greater variety and
    flexibility with respect to working time, pay, job descriptions, the location
    of work and the term and type of employment contracts. Part-time work has,
    for example, become very popular in the Netherlands. More than one in every
    three Dutch employees (mainly women) has a part-time job, in contrast to an
    average of one in seven for the EU as a whole. There are also various types
    of contract flexibility, such as temporary work, freelance work, on-call
    employment, homeworking and teleworking. Whilst the percentage of flexible
    employment contracts stood at 7.9% of the working population in 1987, by 1995
    it had increased to 10% (Arbeidsverkenning 1987/94. CBS (Central Statistics
    Bureau) (1995)). Nowhere else in Europe does temporary work (through private
    temporary employment agencies) flourish as it does in the Netherlands.
    Temporary workers constitute about 3% of the total available labour supply.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    A June 1997 decision by the Supreme Court of Appeal in Greece, affecting
    mainly public servants, imposes new conditions on the provision of family
    benefits, which until now had been granted to only one of the marriage
    partners.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    Entrusted with facilitating partnership between employers, employees and
    unions, a National Centre for Partnership was formally established on 15 July
    1997, meeting a government commitment in Ireland's three-year economic and
    social pact, /Partnership 2000/ (IE9702103F [1]).The Centre's activities will
    be directed towards facilitating trust and partnership between employers,
    employees and unions and, in this regard, it will seek to facilitate
    appropriate agreed local arrangements rather than to prescribe particular
    partnership mechanisms.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    Spanish trade unions and employers' organisations recently agreed on a major
    labour market reform. The three objectives of the "April agreements" of 1997
    are to reduce the instability of the labour market, to promote collective
    bargaining, and to plug the gaps in sectoral regulation that were left
    following the final repeal of the Labour Ordinances.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    Compulsory competitive tendering (CCT) was one of the key privatisation
    measures introduced into the public sector by the Conservative governments of
    1979-97, coming into effect 17 years ago for "blue-collar" services and four
    years ago for "white-collar" services. The argument behind it was that
    greater competition would induce greater efficiency and hence savings in
    public expenditure. The Labour Government, however, believes that compulsion
    in itself is not the best method and should instead be replaced by a promise
    to provide "best value" for money.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    On 28 May 1997, new collective agreements were concluded for the 460,000 or
    so employees in west German banking. The signatories were the commerce,
    banking and insurance workers' trade union HBV (Gewerkschaft Handel, Banken
    und Versicherungen) and the white-collar workers' union DAG (Deutsche
    Angestellten-Gewerkschaft) on one side, and the employers' association for
    private banking (Arbeitgeberverband des privaten Bankgewerbes) and the
    collective bargaining community for public banks (Tarifgemeinschaft
    öffentlicher Banken) on the other.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The June 1996 Alitalia collective agreement was reached after two years of
    difficult bargaining, and is intended to restructure the company, which is
    beset by severe financial problems. This restructuring involves a reduction
    of labour costs in exchange for the setting-up of a fund for the purchase of
    shares set aside for the company's employees. This fund will be created when
    the European Commission has authorised the ITL 2,800 billion increase in
    capital envisaged by the restructuring plan. One year on from the renewal of
    the national contract, the participatory bargaining model envisaged by the
    Alitalia agreement may be considered of key importance both for improving the
    competitive position of this company, and regulating industrial relations in
    the transport sector.

  • CAR
    27 Juuni 1997

    /Combating racial discrimination and xenophobia is an issue which has become
    increasingly prominent on the European Union agenda in recent years. Since
    the mid-1980s, a rising tide of concern with the problem can be perceived in
    various declarations and resolutions by Community institutions, and notably
    in the inclusion of the issue of racial discrimination in the 1989 "Social
    Charter". The past two years, especially, have seen significant developments,
    many of which are of direct relevance to employment and industrial
    relations./

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The results of the latest collective bargaining round at company level in
    industry are emerging. An estimate from the Confederation of Danish
    Industries (DI) shows an average increase in pay of 1.7%, or between DKK 1.75
    and DKK 2.00 per hour. The increase is higher than in 1996, when bargaining
    at company level produced an increase of between DKK 1.50 and DKK 1.75 per
    hour

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications