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  • Article
    27 Juuli 1997

    Social partners at national level in the Netherlands have recently
    recommended investment in the quality of the workforce. Alongside the
    reduction of working time, the new spearhead for improving terms and
    conditions of employment focuses on the education of workers. For the
    Industrial Union affiliated to the Dutch Trade Union Federation
    (Industriebond FNV), contracts with employers on investment in employment and
    the education of workers will be a major item on the collective bargaining
    agenda in the future. The potential significance of this is clearly
    illustrated in the agreement concluded in June 1997 at Heineken.

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1997

    The collective agreement recently approved in the insurance sector provides
    for a reduction of 10 minutes in the working week in 1997 and a further 20
    minutes in 1998. Henceforth, weekly working hours will be below the 36
    established by law across this sector for many years. The agreement, however,
    lays down two particular types of working pattern, relaxing a rather rigid
    traditional system to adapt it to new commercial policies:

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1997

    In his general policy statement to the National Assembly in June 1997,
    France's new Prime Minister announced the decision to close the Superphoenix
    fast breeder reactor, drawing protests from trade unions.

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1997

    Almost 400 members of the Irish Airline Pilots Association (IALPA) in
    Ireland's state-owned airline, Aer Lingus, are to receive a pay award
    averaging 7% after accepting the findings of an independent pay review on 5
    July 1997. The review, which means a restructuring of pilots' pay in the
    airline, was carried out by Phil Flynn, the former general secretary of the
    Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU) and the current chair of the
    state-owned ICC Bank.

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1997

    Members of the finance trade unions BIFU and UNiFI who work at Barclays Bank
    were balloted in July 1997 over whether to take industrial action. The ballot
    took place after a consultative ballot concerning the bank's new pay
    proposals showed overwhelming rejection by staff. Jim Lowe, the BIFU general
    secretary, said that: "Staff are very angry ... If these proposals go through
    as they stand, potentially over 25,000 staff face a wage freeze as well as
    leaving pensions expectations in ruins. We believe this is totally immoral."

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1997

    In its Communication on /People first - the next steps/, adopted on 23 July
    1997, the European Commission argues that the social dimension of the
    "information society" needs to be strengthened further if the European Union
    is to take full advantage of the job-creation potential and improvements in
    the quality of life potentially offered by new information and communication
    technologies (ICT s). It sets out a strategy for achieving this objective at
    national, European and international level.

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1997

    On 15 July 1997, the collective bargaining parties in the east German
    construction industry, the construction union IG Bauen-Agrar-Umwelt (IG BAU)
    and the two employers' associations, Hauptverband der Deutschen Bauindustrie
    (HDB) and Zentralverband des Deutschen Baugewerbes (ZDB), signed an agreement
    which covers 360,000 employees and includes the following:

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1997

    Tripartite negotiations over the reform of Italy's welfare and social
    security system started in earnest in July 1997. Two main points of tension
    have so far arisen - pensions and flexibility in recruitment and redundancy.

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1997

    Under the terms of the collective agreements reached in the 1997 bargaining
    round (DK9705110F [1]), from 1 January 1998 government institutions can
    experiment with new forms of decentralised pay bargaining. From 1 April 1998,
    56% of all local government employees and 60% of all regional government
    employees will be covered by a new system of pay determination - consisting
    of a centrally determined basic salary and three decentralised negotiated
    allowances based on function, qualifications and results.


  • Article
    27 Juuli 1997

    On 3 July 1997, 18 workers in the shipyards of Unión Naval de Levante in
    Valencia died when a ship under construction caught fire. The causes of the
    accident, Spain's most serious in recent years, have not yet been officially
    established, but trade unions are alleging a breach of safety regulations.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications