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  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The results of the latest collective bargaining round at company level in
    industry are emerging. An estimate from the Confederation of Danish
    Industries (DI) shows an average increase in pay of 1.7%, or between DKK 1.75
    and DKK 2.00 per hour. The increase is higher than in 1996, when bargaining
    at company level produced an increase of between DKK 1.50 and DKK 1.75 per
    hour

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    After the failure in late 1996 (BE9702101F [1]) to come to a national
    intersectoral agreement for 1997-8, the Belgian Government gave the
    lower-level negotiators on both sides a clear message: the maximum pay
    increase should be 6.1% spread over two years (1997 and 1998). The
    negotiators have apparently respected the Government's position: the average
    increase in labour costs arising from sectoral collective agreements is
    between 5.6% and 5.7%. The Government also guaranteed an annual subsidy of
    BEF 150,000 to help offset the cost of each newly created job, if two of the
    following employment schemes were part of the negotiated agreement -
    part-time work, part-time early retirement, flexible work schedules,
    collective reduction of working hours, additional training and temporary
    leave or career breaks (loopbaanonderbreking).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined-labour-market/apparent-breakdown-of-belgian-central-bargaining

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    In March 1997, the US, British, Canadian, French, Belgian and Dutch Allied
    Forces stationed in Germany employed around 30,000 civilian employees. Due to
    the end of the cold war and the resulting closure of bases and reduction of
    troops by the Allied Forces, civilian employment fell from 105,000 in 1985 to
    75,000 in 1991 to 31,000 in 1996. Civilian employees typically work in jobs
    such as office staff, transport and storage staff, mechanics, security staff,
    firefighters, technicians, electricians, cleaners and caterers.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    Within the framework of European Works Councils, "Community-scale" companies
    are defined as those employing at least 1,000 workers with branches or
    subsidiaries which employ 150 workers or more in at least two European Union
    member states. According to government estimates, approximately 100
    multinational companies which have their headquarters in the Netherlands will
    be subject to the EWC Act. The Netherlands ranks fifth as a home base for
    multinationals covered by the Directive. In addition to the Dutch-based
    multinationals, it is still unknown how many non-member state companies will
    appoint their Dutch operations to be their headquarters in order to meet the
    provisions of the EWC Act, and the Directive's requirements.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    Ireland's newly elected Government, a minority centrist coalition between
    Fianna Fail and the Progressive Democrats (PDs), is firmly committed to
    implementing /Partners/ /hip 2000/, which was agreed between the social
    partners and the former "rainbow" coalition Government in January 1997
    (IE9702103F [1]). The rainbow Government was a left-of-centre administration
    made up of Fine Gael, the Labour Party and the Democratic Left.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    A recent dispute and subsequent agreement in May 1997 between Caja Madrid, an
    important savings bank, and the trade unions is an important reference point
    for the current debate on working hours and employment in the Spanish banking
    sector.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    On 20 June 1997 the management of one of Germany's leading chemical
    companies, Bayer AG, and the company works council [1] (Gesamtbetriebsrat) -
    politically supported by the chemical workers' union, IG
    Chemie-Papier-Keramik- signed a new works agreement [2] to save production
    sites and employment in Germany. The central aim of the agreement is to
    guarantee production at the five German Bayer plants in Leverkusen, Dormagen,
    Uerdingen, Elberfeld and Brunsbüttel.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/company-works-council-0
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-agreement-0

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The new and amended Work Environment Act adopted on 30 May 1997 has
    infuriated theDanish Employers' Confederation (DA). The DA had criticised the
    Minister of Labour,Jytte Andersen during the preparatory process (DK9705111N
    [1]), accusing her of ignoring the views of the social partners and attacking
    the perceived hastiness of the process. It stated that: "Ms Andersen's
    solitary approach will unavoidably create problems for tripartite
    cooperation, which so far has been the modus operandi of the health and
    safety system in Denmark". TheDanish Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) is in
    agreement with the DA, stating that the process has been contrary to past
    practice and characterised by secretiveness. Normally the Minister would
    establish a tripartite committee, which would then propose action.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/disagreement-on-proposed-new-danish-work-environment-act

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    In June 1997, André Flahaut, the minister for civil service affairs,
    proposed a number of measures which constitute a new statute for about
    100,000 federal civil servants. The cabinet accepted his proposals, which
    will become operational on 1 January 1998. The most important changes are to
    be found in recruitment, appraisal and disciplinary procedures for public
    servants and new measures to increase mobility within the civil service.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    A year after the collapse of the tripartite "corporatist" attempt to
    revitalise the entire German economy (DE9702202F [1]), government, business
    and trade unions have succeeded in forging an alliance to boost economic
    growth, productivity and employment in eastern Germany.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/bargaining-in-1996-from-the-employment-alliance-to-the-sick-pay-dispute

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications