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  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    In autumn 1996, following what company management considered the constant
    opposition of some works councils to worker participation, the
    Electrolux-Zanussi group in Italy announced that it intended to terminate all
    company-level agreements on participation from the end of March 1997. At the
    same time, however, the company invited trade unions to negotiate a revision
    of the participation model which had been developed within the group during
    the previous years, in order to strengthen it and confirm joint and full
    support from both unions and management. Consultations among company and
    union representatives started in May, but they have not yet led to an
    agreement. The issue at stake is very important, since the participation
    model at Electrolux-Zanussi is generally considered one of the most advanced
    in Europe and the most significant in Italy.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The framework agreement, signed on 15 November 1996, for the 625,000
    employees in the 275 Danish municipalities and 14 counties, is the
    culmination of six years of experiments with new structures for cooperation
    between workers and employers. The agreement is a response to the increasing
    demands imposed on local and regional authorities for quality services,
    budgetary restraints and improvements in efficiency and increased flexibility
    on the part of employees.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    In his inaugural policy statement to Parliament on 19 June, the new Prime
    Minister, Lionel Jospin, announced a 4% rise in the SMIC national minimum
    wage to take effect on 1 July 1997.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    Protests in June 1997 against the termination of ship-refitting work at
    Spain's publicly owned Astander shipyard met with a forceful response from
    the police. The problem arose because the Ministry of Industry imposed a
    unilateral amendment to the Strategic Competitiveness Plan for the naval
    sector. The dispute is still continuing, even though the Ministry has
    modified its position

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    After 18 years in the wilderness, being frozen out of influence in the
    corridors of government by Conservative administrations, trade unions have
    been informed that they will be offered places on working groups being formed
    to advise various government departments. The Trades Union Congress (TUC)
    reports a substantially changed mood in Whitehall and Westminster, after
    years of unions being systematically excluded from representing their
    members.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    According to a recent study of 1997 provisions by the Institute for Economics
    and Social Science (Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut, WSI),
    most employees in Germany receive a collectively agreed holiday bonus, though
    there are significant sectoral differences in the amount of the bonus. While
    most employees are due 30 days' paid leave per year, the average annual
    holiday bonus for a blue collar worker in a middle-range income group ranges
    between DEM 200 and DEM 2,587.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    During the last few months the attention of Italian industrial relations
    practitioners has been drawn by two new kinds of agreement - "gradual
    alignment" agreements and so-called "discount agreements". They are quite
    different, but both deal in a distinct way with the same problem: wage
    flexibility. A deeper analysis of their origins and scope is important, as
    the issue of wage flexibility is one of the most prominent in the debate on
    the reform of Italian industrial relations, and is put forward with
    increasing emphasis by employers' organisations, also with reference to the
    forthcoming revision of the tripartite agreement of July 1993, which is due
    to start at the end of June 1997.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    Since the original introduction of early retirement schemes some 20 years
    ago, the number of employees aged 60-66 taking early retirement has more than
    tripled, from about 40,000 in 1980 to 127,000 in February 1997, equal to more
    than two-thirds of everyone in that age group. In 1976 more than 75% of all
    men remained in the labour force until they were 65; today only 28% stay on
    until they become entitled to a pension at 67. Over the course of the last 20
    years the average age of those taking early retirement has fallen from 63 to
    60. TheMinistry of Finance estimates that there will be 160,000 recipients of
    early retirement benefits by 2005, whereas theDanish Employers' Confederation
    (DA) estimates that this figure will double to some 260,000 people. The wide
    difference of opinion between the government estimates and those of the DA
    accounts for the disagreement as to whether legislation is needed to stem the
    flow of those opting to take early retirement.

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications