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  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    SAK and TT announced the renewal of their basic agreement on 6 June 1997. The
    new agreement permits SAK and TT's member organisations at industry level to
    agree on certain issues outside the auspices of the national agreement. The
    agreement also states that agreements on subcontracting and hired labour will
    include a clause whereby subcontractors or the company responsible for
    subcontracting commit themselves to complying with the relevant collective
    agreement as well as labour and social legislation. Furthermore, the new
    basic agreement includes a section on the notification of political strikes
    and sympathy strikes. The period of notification is four days.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    Apprenticeships, together with secondary vocational schools (ninth to 13th
    grade, around 15 to 19 years of age), form the backbone of the Austrian
    skill-formation system. They are a part of the formal educational structure,
    and are usually entered into at the age of 15, after completion of the
    compulsory nine years of schooling. They involve an employment relationship
    plus formal schooling over a period of three or sometimes four years.
    Schooling is for the equivalent of one and a half or two days per week.
    Apprentices graduate through a final examination in which they have to prove
    their theoretical and practical grasp of the occupation concerned. There are
    about 45,000 establishments having certified trainers among their employees.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    A reform of Portugal's Statute on Teaching Careers is currently under
    negotiation in a context that has favoured strengthening the power of the
    teaching trade unions, given that education is one of the Government's
    priorities. This feature highlights the strategy employed by the teaching
    unions to assume greater control over their profession in terms of autonomy,
    social mobility and control of their labour market.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The aim of the ETUC day of action (EU9704120N [1]) was to mobilise pressure
    on the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) (EU9704117F [2]) and the Amsterdam
    European Council meeting (EU9706133N [3]) for a strong commitment to
    employment creation in the revised European Union (EU) Treaty.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/etuc-organises-european-day-of-action-for-employment
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/progress-of-the-intergovernmental-conference
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/amsterdam-summit-agrees-new-draft-treaty

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    On 21 May 1997, after five bargaining rounds, the miners' trade union
    Industriegewerkschaft Bergbau und Energie (IGBE), the salaried employees'
    union Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft (DAG) and the Unternehmensverband
    Ruhrbergbau (UVR) employers' association for the hard-coal mining industry in
    Northrhine-Westphalia, concluded a pilot agreement which covers roughly
    75,000 employees in the Northrhine-Westphalia hard-coal mining industry. The
    framework for the contents of the agreement was partly set by the "coal
    compromise" of 13 March 1997 (DE9703104F [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/miners-revolt-ends-in-corporatist-compromise

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    Jarmo Lähteenmäki, the chair of the Finnish Paperworkers' Union- one of the
    most powerful unions in the Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions
    (SAK) - announced after a meeting on 11 June 1997 that the union will not
    enter national negotiations on incomes policy. Instead, "the Paperworkers'
    Union will focus directly on talks with individual unions" - ie, it will
    engage only in direct industry-level negotiations with employers in its
    sector. The union cited special problems in its sector which prevented it
    from participating in comprehensive national incomes policy discussions, such
    as the utilisation of outside labour in factories, the move to shorten
    working hours, the contracting-out of different factory operations, and the
    decision by two of the largest firms in the forestry industry to discontinue
    personnel funds (a form of profit-sharing scheme).

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The high priority currently given to budget consolidation has been translated
    by the Austrian Government into, among other measures, a need to limit
    increases in civil service costs - currently ATS 215 billion per year - to no
    more than 1.3% annually. The Government is trying to achieve this aim by
    reducing the number of civil service employees, keeping salary increases
    moderate in real terms, and reducing pensions.

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications