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  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The renewal of the Spanish system of occupational classification is marked by
    the change from the old system of "Labour Ordinances", which were established
    by law, to a new classification system based on occupational groupings, which
    is the result of collective bargaining. This process has been accelerated by
    the labour reforms of the 1990s: the 1994 reform established a deadline for
    the replacement of the Ordinances, and the 1997 reform established an
    agreement on occupational classification for those sectors in which one had
    not yet been established.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    On 6 June 1997, the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), the Union of
    Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE) and the European
    Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General
    Economic Interest (CEEP) formally signed a European framework agreement on
    part-time work, in the presence of social affairs Commissioner Padraig Flynn,
    Dutch Prime Minister Wim Kok and Dutch Social Affairs Minister Ad Melkert.
    The agreement seeks to establish a general framework for the elimination of
    discrimination against part-time workers, and hopes to contribute towards the
    development of opportunities for part-time working on a basis which is
    acceptable to employers and workers alike. The agreement is the result of
    nine months of intense negotiation, during which success did not always
    appear likely.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The European framework agreement on part-time work was formally signed on 6
    June 1997 (EU9706131F [1]) by the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC),
    the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE) and
    the European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of
    Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP). The stated purpose of the
    agreement is to remove discrimination against part time workers, improve the
    quality of part-time jobs and facilitate part-time work on a voluntary basis.
    The European Commission will propose a Directive implementing the agreement
    to the Council of Ministers later this year.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-reach-framework-agreement-on-part-time-work

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    On 3 June 1997, after three months of negotiations, the chemical workers'
    union, IG Chemie, and the sectoral employers' association,
    Bundesarbeitgeberverband Chemie (BAVC), agreed on the introduction of a new
    "opening clause" in the national pay framework agreement
    (Bundesentgelttarifvertrag) which covers about 590,000 workers in the west
    German chemicals industry. The opening clause provides for the introduction
    of a "wage corridor" which, under certain circumstances, allows companies to
    reduce the collectively agreed wage by up to 10% for a limited period of
    time.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    The new industry-wide agreement for the Italian construction sector, signed
    in June 1997, includes provisions on pay, local bargaining, occupational
    pensions and combating undeclared work.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    With the agreement of 30 May between the Building Workers' Union and the
    Employers' Federation of the Swedish Construction Industry, the last of
    1997's major collective agreements was concluded. It gave 70,000 building
    workers an increase of SEK 2.50 per hour and, for the first time, payment
    during certain public holidays. According to the union, this represents an
    overall pay increase of 3.1%, while the employers estimate its value to be
    2.6%. Irrespective of who is right, the agreement is very much in line with
    the 1997 average settlement.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    On 10 June 1997, Renault management announced the appointment of an
    independent expert who will evaluate, on an economic basis, the potential
    measures envisaged to "compensate for the inefficiency involved in the
    structure of Renault's production facilities".

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    A new collective agreement was concluded in May 1997 for Luxembourg's banking
    sector. In contrast to the previous 1993 agreement, the accord was signed by
    all the main trade unions in the sector.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1997

    On 3 June 1997, an agreement was finally reached between the Generalitat
    (Catalonia's autonomous regional government) and the central Government in
    Spain to transfer part of the management of the National Institute of
    Employment (INEM) to the Catalan regional administration. A historic demand
    that has been made for over 15 years has thus been satisfied. For the central
    Government, the transfer of INEM to Catalonia is a "pilot scheme" that will
    serve as a basis for the transfer of powers in this field to other autonomous
    communities such as Galicia and the Basque Country.

Series

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications