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  • Article
    27 Mai 1997

    Two separate committees - a group of professors appointed by the Government
    and a committee of economists from the Finnish social partners - published
    reports in early May 1997 on the industrial relations implications of EU
    Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) for Finland The social partners themselves
    have adopted a joint declaration on EMU membership.

  • Article
    27 Mai 1997

    The hard core of the strike threat are 10,000 civil servants in internal
    revenue collection and in the customs service. They have two complaints:

  • Article
    27 Mai 1997

    In elections held in April 1997, a joint list of socialist and communist
    trade unionists narrowly won control of Portugal's South and Islands Banking
    Union (Sindicato dos Bancários do Sul e Ilhas, SBSI), which will continue to
    be affiliated to the General Workers' Union (União Geral de Trabalhadores,
    UGT).

  • Article
    27 Mai 1997

    "Negotiate a reduction of working time - or else public opinion will force
    through legislation". That was the message in an article written jointly by
    Prime MinisterGöran Persson and the chair of the Swedish Metal Workers'
    Union, Göran Johnsson, and published in the evening paper /Aftonbladet/ on
    28 April 1997. Considering that one of the authors is the Prime Minister of
    Sweden, it could be seen as a veiled threat to the employers. In the 1997
    bargaining round, several trade unions called for a cut in working hours, and
    the employers consistently rejected them.

  • Article
    27 Mai 1997

    The first of the two recently-announced mergers, which is to take effect from
    1 July 1997, is between the National and Provincial Building Society Staff
    Association (NAPSA) and the Banking, Insurance and Finance Union (BIFU). The
    National and Provincial Building Society was recently taken over by the Abbey
    National, but NAPSA members voted to become part of BIFU rather than the
    Abbey National's own staff association. Despite the strong support for BIFU
    from NAPSA members, the company has refused to recognise the union. BIFU said
    that "in the merger and conversion mania which is sweeping this country there
    is little regard for the impact on staff. They are the casualties - that's
    why it is important for unions to work together". BIFU, which has 115,000
    members, hope that this will be the first of many mergers which will ensure
    it a stronger role in the financial sector.

  • Article
    27 Mai 1997

    One of the most significant transformations of British industrial relations
    in recent years has been the shift from national to enterprise-level
    bargaining. Multi-employer bargaining arrangements have tended to be replaced
    with multi-establishment, single employer bargaining, although there are also
    signs of decentralisation within the individual firm. Similarly, within the
    public sector (UK9702104F [1]), efforts have been made to fragment
    traditional bargaining arrangements through the introduction of "Agency"
    status and market-testing to the civil service and local authorities, and by
    further institutional decentralisation through the promotion of National
    Health Service (NHS) Trusts and local management of schools. These changes
    have occurred alongside a dramatic decline in coverage of collective
    bargaining, largely due to the decline of manufacturing employment and the
    expansion of the service sector.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/public-sector-pay-policies

  • Article
    27 Mai 1997

    The first annual review of the social dialogue process at the European Union
    level was adopted by the Commission on 6 May 1997. The review characterises
    1996 as "a particularly fruitful and productive year" for the social dialogue
    at European level. Despite this overall positive assessment, the review
    highlights the fact that, despite endeavours towards the establishment of a
    dialogue between the social partners, and in some cases, negotiation, this
    represents only the background of a European-scale industrial relations
    systems which is yet to take shape.

  • Article
    27 Mai 1997

    An agreement on resolving labour disputes out of court was signed in January
    1996 by Spain's largest unions (UGT and CC.OO) and employers' associations
    (CEOE and CEPYME), covering the period until 31 December 2000. The agreement
    built on the experience in mediation and arbitration at a regional level that
    had grown on the basis of joint quasi-judicial institutions formed in the
    1990s. We review the complex system which now applies in this area.

  • Article
    27 Mai 1997

    Employment yielding less than ATS 3,740 gross per month or less than ATS 859
    per week or ATS 288 per day, is defined as "minor". Below this threshold,
    neither employee nor employer has to contribute to the national pension or
    health or unemployment insurance. Only national accident insurance has to be
    paid. Minor employment therefore does not earn an entitlement to unemployment
    benefits, maternity benefits, a pension, or medical coverage. On the other
    hand, because of the lower cost, minor employment may be an incentive for
    employers to hire.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications