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  • Article
    27 Juuli 1999

    Negotiations have been going on for several months between the Belgian
    Bankers' Association (BVB/ABB) and the various trade unions involved -
    ACV/CSC, ABVV/FGTB and ACLVB/CGSLB- on a new national collective agreement
    for the banking sector. However, the talks became completely deadlocked in
    June 1999. The trade unions had already called several short stoppages and
    lightning strikes, but discontent about the failure to secure an agreement
    continued to mount and a one-day national strike was organised by the unions
    for 9 July.

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1999

    The total number of requests to terminate employment contracts declined in
    the Netherlands in 1998, according to the Annual Report on termination
    statistics, issued in summer 1999. However, the number of requests related to
    occupational disability has increased.

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1999

    The ninth European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) Congress held in Helsinki
    from 29 June to 2 July 1999 (EU9907182F [1]) arguably indicated the European
    trade union movement's wish for far-reaching harmonisation in the area of
    social and employment policy. In the eyes of Danish public debate, the
    Congress presented an emerging picture of a trade union movement which wants
    to head a process towards, if not the "United Nations of Europe", then at
    least a strengthening of the federal features of the European Union. Even
    though the Danish public's attitude towards the EU has grown more positive
    (DK9906127F [2]), there is general scepticism about an extensive process of
    integration. This became evident at the European Parliament elections in June
    1999, at which the Danish parties and movements which are directly opposed
    to, or strongly sceptical towards, the EU maintained their support.


  • Article
    27 Juuli 1999

    In 1998's rather favourable economic climate, collective bargaining in France
    was dominated by the reduction of working time, according to the Ministry for
    Employment and Solidarity's annual bargaining report, published in June 1999.
    Other trends recorded included: intersectoral bargaining falling off to an
    extremely low point; a recovery in the amount of sector-level bargaining at
    the end of the year; and considerable growth in company-level bargaining.

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1999

    In June 1999, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) and the
    Confederation of Public Servants (ADEDY) officially adopted a position in
    favour of applying a "Tobin tax" to short-term capital movements.

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1999

    The new President of the European Commission, Romano Prodi- chosen by the EU
    Member States and approved by the European Parliament- announced his new
    19-member team of Commissioners on 9 July 1999, by common accord with the
    Member States. The first meeting of the proposed new-look Commission took
    place on 16 July. Few of the sitting Commissioners survived the shake-out
    following the allegations of irregularities which had beset the outgoing
    administration. On announcing his team, Mr Prodi said that: "when I accepted
    the job of Commission President, I promised to launch a new era of change in
    the Commission. The Commission needs it. The European Parliament and Member
    States have asked for it. The European public has urged us to carry it out.
    This is what I intend to deliver, starting from today.".

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1999

    On 21 July 1999, the general council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC)
    pledged its support for a campaign [1] organised by the Transport and General
    Workers' Union (TGWU) to try to win reinstatement for 270 workers sacked in
    November 1998 by the Lufthansa-owned airline catering company Skychefs.


  • Article
    27 Juuli 1999

    After eight months of difficult negotiations, on 8 June 1999, Fim-Cisl,
    Fiom-Cgil and Uilm-Uil, the metalworkers' unions belonging to the three main
    trade union confederations, and the employers' associations Federmeccanica
    and Assistal accepted a mediation proposal put forward by the Minister of
    Labour, aimed at concluding the renewal of the collective agreement for the
    Italian metalworking industry. During June and July, the procedure for
    approval of the agreement involved consultation of trade union members on the
    Ministry of Labour's proposal, and a referendum of all workers on the text of
    the agreement agreed by the parties in June. In both consultations, the
    majority of votes were cast in favour of the agreement, which opened the way
    for its definitive signing.

  • Article
    27 Juuli 1999

    General elections were held in Belgium on 13 June 1999, resulting in the
    defeat of the incumbent Christian Democrat/Socialist coalition. Negotiations
    then began at federal and community levels on creating a so-called "rainbow"
    coalition government. For the first time in its post-war history, Belgium
    will be ruled by a political majority of Liberals, Socialists and Greens,
    with the Christian Democrats being left on the sidelines.


  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications