Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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  • Article
    27 Juuni 1999

    Italy is celebrating the Millennium with a year of "Great Jubilee"
    celebrations during 2000. In June 1999 the social partners signed a "protocol
    of intent" on a "social truce" for 2000. The text sets out the partners'
    strategies, objectives and commitments for starting the new Millennium in a
    climate of social peace.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1999

    Territorial Employment Pacts (TEP s) are an EU initiative aimed at
    stabilising local and regional labour markets in selected European regions by
    promoting consensus and cooperation between all relevant local actors. In
    mid-1999, there are seven TEPs operational in six of Austria's nine
    provinces. The agreement on an eighth pact is expected by September 1999. In
    the two remaining provinces, Burgenland and Styria, TEPs are under
    preparation. Burgenland, which stretches along the Hungarian border, is the
    poorest province and has the highest unemployment rate, whilst Styria has the
    highest rate of long-term unemployment outside Vienna. The first three TEPs
    were initiated in the three westernmost provinces, all of which have
    relatively low unemployment. However, all three experienced a surge of
    long-term unemployment in 1997. The fourth, also initiated in 1997, covers
    Vienna [1] where unemployment is above the national average. These four pacts
    will all expire at the end of 1999 but will be renewed. The fifth pact, also
    in Vienna, and the only one linked explicitly to Austria's National Action
    Plan [2] (NAP) for employment implementing the EU Employment Guidelines [3]
    (AT9901120F [4]), took effect in autumn 1998 and will run until the end of
    2004. The shortest-term pact covers Upper Austria- it is limited to the
    calendar year 1999 but will also be renewed. The TEP in Carinthia is
    scheduled to run for four years from the beginning of 1999 to the end of
    2002. The TEP for Lower Austria will run from the beginning of 2000 until the
    end of 2004.


  • Article
    27 Juuni 1999

    A new Bill presented to parliament on 6 May 1999 provides a new definition of
    "occupational healthcare" in the Swedish Work Environment Act
    (arbetsmiljölagen, /SFS 1977:1160, 2b§/
    ). It states that the employer should be responsible for making arrangements
    for all kinds of occupational healthcare required by the working conditions
    at the specific workplace. By "occupational healthcare", the law means an
    independent expert resource in the areas of the work environment and
    rehabilitation. Occupational healthcare should be designed so as to prevent
    health risks in workplaces and to outline the links between the work
    environment, organisation, productivity and health. The new paragraph will
    become operative from 1 January 2000.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1999

    The management of Iveco-Pegaso, the Spanish vehicle manufacturer, will
    convert temporary posts into permanent ones, but only on condition that the
    workers' committee accepts an automatic dismissal clause for the workers on
    the new contracts in the event of a fall in production. Over May-July 1999,
    trade unions in the company organised a series of strikes in protest.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1999

    After three weeks of industrial action, which forced the closure of the major
    national museums and historic sites, staff at France's Ministry for Culture
    protesting at job insecurity called a halt to their strike in early June
    1999, until the forthcoming budget negotiations. They accepted a protocol
    agreement, which provides for a five-year plan to turn temporary jobs into
    stable employment.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1999

    According to an Irish Business and Employers Confederation (IBEC) survey,
    published on 22 June 1999, Irish companies are introducing a range of
    "partnership"-type measures in cooperation with their employees (IE9811264N
    [1]). The survey was based in a sample of 400 enterprises - all with 50 or
    more employees - and employing a total of 207,847 workers between them. The
    vast majority are private sector companies but there is also an unspecified
    number of commercial semi-state and non-commercial state organisations.
    Unionised and non-unionised companies are both included, across all regions,
    sectors and sizes.


  • Article
    27 Juuni 1999

    Since coming to power in May 1997 (UK9704125F [1]), the Labour government has
    placed a strong emphasis upon skills policies. The government sees
    "upskilling" not only as an answer to problems of economic competitiveness
    and the UK's generally poor record on productivity (UK9902182F [2]), but also
    as a means of engendering greater social inclusion and cohesion. The main
    thrust of the government's skills policies over the past two years has
    centred on the education system, with further reform of the national
    curriculum in schools, a policy of "naming and shaming" schools that are seen
    to be failing, additional growth in student numbers in further and higher
    education, and an increase in educational spending. In the field of training,
    the scope and scale of changes has been more limited, but many of the
    developments here have significant implications for the social partners. Here
    we provide an overview of the most significant of these developments as they
    relate to the employed workforce (as distinct from the range of measures
    being pursued under the banner of "welfare to work" which aim to help
    unemployed people back into work via jobs, education, training or work


  • Article
    27 Juuni 1999

    In June 1999, the social partners in the woodworking and furniture sector of
    Italy's north-eastern regions signed an agreement which aims at modifying the
    pay system through a lower tax levy, and at introducing flexible working
    hours. This new inter-regional collective bargaining level represents a
    further development of the Italian bargaining process.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1999

    In April 1999, the Dutch social partners reached agreement within the Labour
    Foundation on a framework for the further individualisation of terms of
    employment. Whilst the essential lines of collective agreements will be
    retained under the Foundation's recommendations, certain conditions of
    employment may be swapped within a company on a "multiple-choice" basis.

  • Article
    27 Juuni 1999

    Over the two-year period 1997-9, the social partners in Vienna and its city
    government have joined forces to develop a more innovative approach to
    Austria's most problem-ridden and least responsive labour market. In 1997 it
    contained more than half of the unemployed people whose unemployment lasted
    longer than 12 months and 42% of those whose unemployment lasted more than
    six months. The number of people registered as unemployed at some time over
    the year had risen by 1.4% over the 1996 level and made up 23% of the
    Austrian total, roughly equivalent to the capital's share in employment.
    However, the average number of people registered as unemployed stood at 29%
    of the Austrian total. Employment kept being created outside the city limits,
    centred in particular on the airport and the shopping and business parks.
    Industrial employment was continually being relocated to "greenfield" sites.
    No end to these structural disadvantages seemed in sight.


  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

Forthcoming publications