Mending the fissured workplace: The solutions provided by Italian law
The U.S. model of fissuring described by David Weil in his book 'The fissured workplace: Why work became so bad for so many and what can be done to improve it', where firms function and compete on a supply and contracting chain level, in specific networks with their suppliers and their service/production providers, can be likewise found in all industrialised countries. In fact, the outsourcing process which were started during the 1970's and 1980's were a worldwide common reaction by companies to identifcal endogenous factors - i.e., increasing demand for less standardized goods, increased commercial integration between countries bringing more competition, stronger unionization among workers producing higher labour costs - and exogenous factors - i.e., transition to a flexible exchange rate regime, introduction of microelectronics. This trend has been reinforced during the last twenty years by neoliberal globalisation, because of the loss of importance of market proximity in many sectors and the diffusion of information and communication technologies comporting a reduction of costs for coordination.
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