Tackling undeclared work database

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

6 items found (page 1 of 1)

Information campaign on tax compliance, Estonia

02 kesäkuu 2013
  • Estonia
  In 2010 and 2011, information campaigns were instigated by the Estonian Tax and Customs Board with the aim of raising awareness among the population as to how taxpayers’ money is being used by the state. Both campaigns were assessed as successful in terms of visibility and raising awareness.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality

National minimum wage agreements, Estonia

02 kesäkuu 2013
  • Estonia
  In Estonia, national minimum wage rates are negotiated through bipartite agreements between the Estonian Trade Union Confederation and the Estonian Employers’ Confederation, which are then translated into regulations by the government. The minimum wages are applied across the whole economy. One of the arguments behind raising minimum wage levels has been to reduce the share of undeclared wages.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Targeted control of enterprises for undeclared work, Estonia

02 kesäkuu 2013
  • Estonia
  In 2012, the Estonian Tax and Customs Board undertook extensive activities to tackle tax fraud and undeclared wages, including hiring an additional 90 tax officials. The activities include notification letters as well as visits to company sites. In 2012, the tax officials concentrated on the construction and hotel and catering (restaurants) sectors.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

Notification letters from Tax and Customs Board, Estonia

28 lokakuu 2009
  • Estonia
  In January 2008, the Estonian Tax and Customs Board sent notification letters to companies with low wage levels compared with the average level in the region and the respective business sector, which might refer to the payment of undeclared wages or ‘envelope wages’. The notification letters informed employers of the low competitiveness of the wage levels in their companies compared with average wage levels. As a result, 46% of the companies that received these letters adjusted the wage levels in their companies, increasing tax payments at the same time.  
  • Sectors

  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality, Prevention

Social partner cooperation agreement, Estonia

28 lokakuu 2009
  • Estonia
  A roundtable meeting on Estonia’s widespread problem of undeclared work was held in January 2005. The social partners, public institutions and social security bodies participating in the meeting signed an agreement of joint activities aiming to decrease the extent of this practice. These activities mainly involve increasing public awareness of the negative consequences of undeclared work. The agreement was signed by 10 organisations, which together represent a significant proportion of the Estonian labour market.  
  • Sectors

  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality, Prevention

Information campaign on undeclared wages, Estonia

28 lokakuu 2009
  • Estonia
  The Estonian Tax and Customs Board launched an extensive information campaign (Maksu- ja Tolliameti infokampaania) in January 2008, which addressed the social risks of receiving undeclared wages. Street posters, handouts and media were used to raise public awareness. The initiative aimed to improve people’s tax behaviour through increasing knowledge about the benefits of declared wages and the social losses accompanying tax fraud.  
  • Sectors

  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Prevention