EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Otsikko Country Tyyppi Alkuperäinen nimi Englanninkielinen nimi
Luxembourg: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Luxembourg Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Code du travail; Code civil Labour code; Civil code
Luxembourg: Working time flexibility Luxembourg Working time flexibility Code du travail Labour Code
Czechia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Czechia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Zákon č. 118/2000 Sb., o ochraně zaměstnanců při platební neschopnosti zaměstnavatele ve znění pozdějších předpisů; Zákon č. 182/2006 Sb., o úpadku a způsobech jeho řešení (insolvenční zákon ve znění pozdějších předpisů) Act No. 118/2000 Coll., on the protection of employees in the event of insolvency of their employer; Act No. 182/2006 Coll., on bankruptcy and settlement (Insolvency act)
Denmark: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Denmark Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Bekendtgørelse af lov om Lønmodtagernes Garantifond (LBK nr 686 af 20/06/2011) Danish Act on the Employees' Guarantee Fund (Consolidation Act no 686 of 20/06/2011)
Estonia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Estonia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Töötuskindlustuse seadus Unemployment Insurance Act
Spain: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Spain Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Real Decreto Legislativo 1/1995, Ley 22/2003, Real Decreto 20/2012 Legal Decree 1/1995, Law 22/2003, Royal Decree 20/2012
Germany: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Germany Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Sozialgesetzbuch III Social Code Book III
United Kingdom: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency United Kingdom Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Employment Rights Act 1996 Employment Rights Act 1996
Slovenia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Slovenia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Zakon o finančnem poslovanju, postopkih zaradi insolventnosti in prisilnem prenehanju (ZFPPIPP); Zakon o javnem štipendijskem, razvojnem, invalidskem in preživninskem skladu Republike Slovenije (ZJSRS) Financial Operations, Insolvency Proceedings and Compulsory Dissolution Act (ZFPPIPP); Public Scholarship, Development, Disability and Maintenance Fund of the Republic of Slovenia Act (ZJSRS)
Poland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Poland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ustawa z dnia 13.07.2006 r. dotycząca ochrony roszczeń pracowników w przypadku niewypłacalności pracodawcy Act of 13.07.2006 concerning the protection of workers' claims in the event of the insolvency of their employer
Austria: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Austria Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Insolvenz-Entgeltsicherungsgesetz (IESG) Act on wage guarantee in case of insolvency (IESG)
Portugal: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Portugal Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Código do Trabalho; Lei 71/2018 de 31 de Dezembro; Lei 210/2015 de 25 de Setembro Labour code; Law 71/2018 of 31 December; Law 210/2015 of 25 September
Slovakia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Slovakia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Zákon o socialnom poisteni č. 461/2003; Zakon o konkurze a restrukturalizacii č. 7/2005, v zneni neskorsich predpisov; Zákonník práce č. 311/2001 Act on Social Insurance No. 461/2003; Act on Bankruptcy and Restructuring No. 7/2005, as amended; Act on Labour Code No. 311/2001
Greece: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Greece Wage guarantee in case of insolvency ΠΟΛ.1027/2018 Τροποποίηση του Πτωχευτικού Κώδικα (ν. 3588/2007 - Α' 153) με τους ν. 4446/2016 (Α'240), ν. 4472/2017 (Α' 74), ν. 4491/2017 (Α' 152) και ν. 4512/2018 (Α'5): Επισήμανση βασικών μεταβολών στη διαδικασία της πτώχευσης και παροχή οδηγιών; Ν. 1836/1989 - Προώθηση της απασχόλησης και της επαγγελματικής κατάρτισης και άλλες διατάξεις Circular no. 1027/2018 Amendment of the bankruptcy code (Law 3588/2007 – GG Α 153) by Law 4446/2016 (GG A 240), Law 4472/2017 (GG A 74), Law 4491/2017 (GG 152) and Law 4512/2018 (GG A 5): Key changes in the bankruptcy process and provision of directions; Law 1836/1989 - Promoting employment and vocational training and other provisions
Ireland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ireland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Protection of Employees (Employers' Insolvency) Acts 1984 - 2006 Protection of Employees (Employers' Insolvency) Acts 1984 - 2006
Latvia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Latvia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Par darbinieku aizsardzību darba devēja maksātnespējas gadījumā On protection of employees in case of insolvency of the employer
Netherlands: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Netherlands Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Loongarantieregeling/Werkloosheidswet – WW Pay guarantee regulation/Unemployment Insurance Act
Lithuania: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Lithuania Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603, Įmonių bankroto įstatymas Nr. IX-216, LR garantijų darbuotojams jų darbdaviui tapus nemokiam ir ilgalaikio darbo išmokų įstatymas Nr. XII-2604, Vidutinio darbo užmokesčio skaičiavimo tvarkos aprašas, patvirtintas LR Vyriausybės nutarimu Nr. 496 Labour code No XII-2603, Enterprise bankruptcy law No IX-216, Law on guarantees for employees in the event of employer insolvency and long-term service allowances No XII-2604, Description of the procedure for calculating the average wage (resolution of the government of 21 June 2017, No 496)
Finland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Finland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Palkkaturvalaki (866/1998) Pay Security Act (866/1998)
Malta: Rescue procedures in insolvency Malta Rescue procedures in insolvency Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Regolamenti dwar Fond ta' Garanzija (Avviż Legali 432 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviżi Legali 444 tal-2004 u 413 tal-2005 u Avviz Legali 283 of 2017) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Guarantee Funds Regulations (Legal Notice 432 of 2002, amended by Legal Notices 444 of 2004 and 413 of 2005 and L.N. 283 of 2017​)

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