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  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    The Belgian Defence Minister, Jean-Pol Poncelet, has announced measures that
    will prompt far-reaching changes in the personnel structure of the Belgian
    armed forces, covering the army, navy and airforce. The policy directly or
    indirectly affects about 40,000 military personnel. Mr Poncelet's plans are
    innovative and rather unusual for the armed forces, which are not normally
    known for their swift changes in organisational structure and personnel
    management. The Minister feels, however, that the armed forces should not be
    exempt from moves towards greater flexibility, currently a prominent theme in
    labour negotiations in Belgium. Moreover, changes in the armed forces can
    serve as an example for other sectors of the Belgian economy.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    In March 1997, the social partners in Italy's leather and suede sector agreed
    a code of conduct providing for the application of International Labour
    Organisation (ILO) Conventions on the rights of workers and the employment of
    minors.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    On 1 April 1997, the whole air transport sector, including cabotage(domestic
    flights within other member states), was officially opened to EC-wide
    competition. Cabotageno longer has to be the continuation of a flight
    originating outside a particular country. So nothing now remains of Air
    Inter's monopoly in France, which had already been severely challenged by the
    European Commission in 1994, following a complaint from TAT, now one of
    British Airways' French subsidiaries.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    Based on the so-called Dual System (of Vocational Training) [1] (Duales
    System), practical vocational training [2] in Germany is given at work in the
    participating employer's establishment, backed up by statutory theoretical
    training and general education provided in vocational training school [3] s.
    The characteristic feature of the system is that the provision of knowledge
    and skills is linked to the acquisition of the required job experience.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/dual-system-of-vocational-training-0
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/vocational-training-2
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/vocational-training-school

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    After three months' bargaining, the annual revision of the national
    collective agreement covering banks and other credit institutions was
    concluded in April 1997. It is the first collective agreement in Portugal to
    grant five weeks' paid holidays, and also increases pay and improves
    maternity and paternity provisions

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    With 270,000 persons either on early retirement, unemployed or otherwise
    excluded from the labour market, theSocial Democrat-led Government is anxious
    to involve the social partners in producing workable alternatives for job
    creation for these groups of workers, rather than simply paying lip-service
    to the idea. In the 1995 collective bargaining round, the social partners
    were invited to elaborate on social clauses in their collective agreements.
    Accordingly, 90% of the bargaining units in the are covered by the LO trade
    union confederation and DA employers' confederation agreed on what have
    become known as "Social Chapters", which contain framework provisions on job
    creation on special terms of employment - ie, content of work, working hours
    and pay - to be negotiated and elaborated upon at local and company level.
    Similarly, the bargaining parties in government employment agreed on Social
    Chapters in their 1995 collective agreements. Employees in local government
    at regional and municipal level were also covered by a framework agreement
    negotiated in May 1996.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    It emerged in April 1997 that the former president of the Irish Congress of
    Trade Unions (ICTU), Phil Flynn, is expected to play a key role in the new
    "partnership-based" industrial relations structure currently being drawn up
    between management and unions at Ireland's state-owned airline, Aer Lingus.
    Over 4,000 workers are employed by the airline and a further 1,600 by its
    maintenance subsidiary, TEAM.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    April 1997 was a very good month for securing the future of British car
    plants. The Ford Halewood plant on Merseyside and the Peugeot Ryton plant in
    Coventry have both secured the production of new vehicles into the next
    century. The future of Rover's Longbridge plant is in the balance while an
    announcement is delayed over whether a new model /Mini/ will be produced.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    In March 1997, Guardian Europe SA, signed its first-ever collective agreement
    for blue-collar workers. The deal provides for pay increases, while its
    provisions on other terms and conditions largely mirror statutory provisions.

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications