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  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    On 8 April 1997 negotiations over this year's national collective agreement
    covering all wage workers in hotels and restaurants ended without agreement,
    and the negotiators have not met formally since. The Hotel, Restaurant,
    Personal Services Workers Trade Union (Gewerkschaft Hotel Gastgewerbe
    Persönlicher Dienst, HGPD) staged some protests in May, but essentially
    focused on a province-by-province strategy of securing collective agreements.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    In his inaugural address to the National Assembly on 19 June 1997, France's
    new Prime Minister, Lionel Jospin, said nothing to clarify his position on
    the privatisation programme planned by the outgoing Government.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    The 1997 collective bargaining round for the 1.3 million employees in the
    German construction industry started on 27 February. In contrast to most
    branch-level bargaining, which takes place at regional level, negotiations in
    the construction industry are traditionally held at national level. The
    collective bargaining parties - the construction union IG Bauen-Agrar-Umwelt
    (IG BAU) and the two employers' associations, Hauptverband der Deutschen
    Bauindustrie (HDB) and Zentralverband des Deutschen Baugewerbes (ZDB) - had
    to find new agreements on at least four main issues:

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    In June 1997, the Norwegian Parliament turned down a legislative proposal
    which would provide employees with a right both to choose their own
    organisation or not to be organised. The aim of the proposal was primarily to
    prohibit collective agreements with closed shop clauses. This would have had
    a particular impact on employees in enterprises affiliated to the labour
    movement.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    On 3 June 1997 the Transport and General Workers' Union (TGWU) representing
    9,000 British Airways ground staff and BASSA, the cabin crew union (linked to
    the TGWU) representing a further 9,000 employees, began balloting members
    over whether to take industrial action. On 9 June, they were joined by 4,500
    members of the GMB general union. If the ballots support strike action, it is
    likely to take place in mid-July.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    The renewal of the Spanish system of occupational classification is marked by
    the change from the old system of "Labour Ordinances", which were established
    by law, to a new classification system based on occupational groupings, which
    is the result of collective bargaining. This process has been accelerated by
    the labour reforms of the 1990s: the 1994 reform established a deadline for
    the replacement of the Ordinances, and the 1997 reform established an
    agreement on occupational classification for those sectors in which one had
    not yet been established.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    A traditional characteristic of Sweden's trade union movement has been that,
    with rare exceptions, the unions do not compete with each other for members.
    It is true that there is a revolutionary syndicalist union that organises all
    categories of workers, but it is no real competitor to the others. So if a
    worker wants to join a union, it has often been more or less self-evident
    which organisation he or she should belong to. For example a blue-collar
    worker in the paper industry would apply for membership of thePaper Workers'
    Union, a non-graduate white-collar worker in the same enterprise would join
    the Union for Clerical and Technical Employees in Industry (SIF) while the
    company's graduate engineers would belong to the Association of Graduate
    Engineers (CF). The employer is thus bound by different collective agreements
    for different categories of employees.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    The Unemployment Insurance Act (Arbeitslosenversicherungsgesetz, AlVG) makes
    benefit entitlements, but not contributions, dependent on nationality. On 16
    September 1996 the European Court of Human Rights found this inequality to be
    in violation of human rights, creating the need to amend the law, and on 11
    June 1997 Parliament passed the requisite act.

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications