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  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    In what legal experts in Ireland have highlighted as a landmark case on the
    issue of indirect sex discrimination, Ireland's Supreme Court has asserted
    the primacy of EU law over domestic law. Mary Honan, a legal expert with the
    Employment Equality Agency said that the decision also established the
    correct legal framework for establishing unlawful indirect discrimination.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    An agreement for Italy's first regional occupational pensions fund was signed
    in March 1997 by the Veneto local organisations of Confindustria, the main
    employers' organisation, and of the CISL trade union confederation. The
    initiative has met with hostility from CGIL and uncertainty from UIL, the
    other two main union confederations.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    April 1997 saw the conclusion of the first collective agreement covering
    Portuguese social welfare institutions, where conditions of employment were
    previously governed by state regulations.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    According to the Austrian Chamber of the Economy (Wirtschaftskammer
    Österreich, WKÖ) there were 162,339 salaried employees in industrial
    establishments in 1995. This was nearly 35% of total employment in industry.
    (There were another 8,605 in industrial enterprises in the construction
    industry where they accounted for 23% of employment). The pay scales applying
    to these employees have been changed from 1 May 1997, affecting 84% of the
    total in industry. The changes come in the form of a collective agreement
    concluded between the Federal Section Industry (Bundessektion Industrie) of
    the WKÖ and the Industry and Crafts Section (Sektion Industrie und Gewerbe)
    of the Union of Salaried Employees (Gewerkschaft der Privatangestellten,
    GPA). The negotiations started in May 1995 and were concluded on 28 October
    1996.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    The recent Commission Communication on /Modernising and improving social
    protection in the European Union/ (COM (97)102 of 12 March 1997- EU9703113N
    [1]) is merely the latest step in a long process of debate revolving around
    the question of how systems of social protection can best be adapted to
    today's changing economic, social and demographic situation. It is a debate
    which has in the past clearly been influenced by the limited nature of
    Community legal competence in this area. This is restricted to the
    coordination of national social security schemes in cases where citizens
    exercise their rights to free movement within the Union. Member states have
    long resisted any attempts at a harmonisation of social protection systems,
    which have developed very differently as a result of every country's
    socio-economic, political and cultural heritage.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/commission-issues-communication-on-the-modernisation-of-social-protection-systems

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    A recent study published by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and
    Development (OECD) on the Belgian labour market and social climate has
    recommended drastic changes to the country's institutional and socio-economic
    structure. The most notable recommendations include a plea for greater
    flexibility, less government intervention in industrial relations, lower
    unemployment benefits, abolition of the indexation of pay to consumer prices
    and easier procedures for recruitment and especially dismissal. In summary,
    it may be said that the OECD largely advises Belgium to adopt the "American
    model". This study was to a certain extent reinforced by a report from
    European Commissioner Yves-Thibault de Silguy who also pleads for higher wage
    differentials, lower employment costs and greater flexibility. Both studies
    also stress the importance of low labour costs and high returns on
    investment.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    In a previous EIRO review of the industrial relations consequences of the new
    Labour Government (UK9704125F [1]) it was suggested that it was unlikely that
    the Government would produce an all-embracing employment bill in its first
    term of office, and this has proved correct. However, the social partners
    were still relatively pleased with announcements made on measures to tackle
    unemployment and low pay.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/the-industrial-relations-consequences-of-the-new-labour-government

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    On 29 April 1997, the management and works council at Mohn GmbH, a subsidiary
    of one of Germany's biggest media corporations, Bertelsmann, signed a works
    agreement [1]- known as the "Pact for partnership 1997" - for the 1,700 or so
    employees at the Mohn printing works in Gütersloh.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-agreement-0

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    The Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees (STTK) has recently begun
    discussions about the next incomes policy agreement by proposing a reduction
    in working time.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    A recent collective agreement signed at Telecom Italia Mobile (TIM) provides
    for the development of social dialogue and workers' participation, through
    information and discussion on industrial policies and joint decision-making
    on vocational training.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications