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  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    The majority of pilots' trade unions represented in the Air France group took
    part in a relatively successful strike from 20-23 May 1997, protesting at the
    setting up of a two-tier salary system.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    During the fourth bargaining round for its 90,000 employees, the German car
    producer Volkswagen AG announced the creation of several hundred new jobs.
    According to an agreement between management and the IG Metall trade union,
    the newly hired employees will be employed exclusively on a temporary basis
    and will de facto be remunerated below the level of the company agreements.
    Although being hired on the terms of the current company agreements, the
    newly hired employees will not be eligible for the compensatory extra pay
    component which was agreed when Volkswagen established the four-day working
    week in 1994, and thus they will be paid 10% less than core employees.
    According to the agreement, details will be fixed by the social partners at
    establishment level. During the negotiations, the IG Metall rejected
    Volkswagen's plans to pay the newly hired employees according to the
    branch-level metalworking agreement. The compensation of the new temporary
    staff will still be around 10% higher than the pay other employees receive on
    the basis of the current branch-level metalworking agreement.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    In its recently published opinion on the conclusion of the Intergovernmental
    Conference (IGC), the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of
    Europe (UNICE) underlines the need for the negotiating parties to "place a
    strengthening of Europe's competitiveness at the heart of the (new) Treaty,
    since promotion of competitiveness is the sine qua non to increase
    employment". The promotion of employment can, according to UNICE, never be
    treated in isolation. While European employers have repeatedly pronounced
    themselves in favour of the Essen employment strategy, they are keen to
    underline that responsibility for employment policy must continue to lie
    primarily with the member states.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    After 10 days of boycotts and two hours of strike action among the cleaners
    in the LKAB mine in northern Sweden, the Business Services Associations on
    the one hand and the Building Maintenance Workers' Union and the Union of
    Service and Communication on the other, accepted a draft collective agreement
    on wages from the mediators on 16 May 1997. The agreement covers 25,000
    employees in 600 companies. It means that the average monthly salary will be
    raised by SEK 370.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    Part-time work is an expression of the flexible organisation of working time.
    Although it is often quoted as a "new" form of employment, its practice has a
    long history in Greece. However, its legal framework has been moulded by the
    special provisions of the so-called Law on Development of 1990 (Law
    1892/1990, articles 37-9), which regulated for the first time the rights of
    workers employed on part-time contracts.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    Over 1995-7, certain collective agreements in Spain have allowed employers to
    recruit workers at lower wages than workers in the same job grade who are
    already employed by the firm (the "dual pay scale"). Companies' objectives in
    reducing labour costs and workers' objectives in creating employment seem to
    be threatening the principles of solidarity and equality that have
    traditionally been maintained by the unions.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    On 29 April 1997, the management and works council at Mohn GmbH, a subsidiary
    of one of Germany's biggest media corporations, Bertelsmann, signed a works
    agreement [1]- known as the "Pact for partnership 1997" - for the 1,700 or so
    employees at the Mohn printing works in Gütersloh.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-agreement-0

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    The negotiating teams representing the Union of Industrial and Employers'
    Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European Trade Union Confederation
    (ETUC) and the European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and
    of Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP) reached a draft framework
    agreement on part-time work in the evening of 14 May 1997.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    On 13 January 1997, an agreement was signed on the introduction of new shop
    opening hours. Since 1990 shops have been allowed to open on a 24-hours a day
    basis in the wake of legislation to deregulate shop opening hours (article
    42, Law 1892/1990) in line with the then Conservative Government's policies
    on liberalisation. In late 1996, a number of businesses - members of the
    employers' organisation, SELPE- proceeded to introduce later working hours on
    Saturdays in Athens and its outer suburbs. In parallel, they took joint
    action with other bodies (including the Athens municipal authority and the
    Chamber of Commerce and Industry) to try to introduce Sunday shop opening. In
    response, the unions announced that they would fight this initiative and that
    they would demand amendments to Law 1892/1990.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications