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  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    In Austria's "pay-as-you-go" pensions system, 22.75% of an individual's
    monthly wage cost goes to pension insurance. There is a cap at a certain
    monthly income - currently ATS 41,400 - which is raised annually. The gap
    between contributions and benefits is covered from the federal budget. In
    1996, ATS 30,000 million had to be covered by the budget in the employees'
    scheme, which has 1.5 million pensioners, and ATS 25,500 million in the
    self-employment and agricultural schemes, which has 345,000 pensioners. The
    overall contribution from the federal budget is forecast to rise from ATS
    55,500 million in 1996 to over ATS 80,000 million by the year 2001. In its
    recently-announced budget plans, the Government is aiming to save ATS 16,000
    million in contributions to the national pension insurance schemes over the
    two years 1998 and 1999.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    After several months of negotiations involving various local and central
    government agencies, a long struggle for jobs at Grundig came to an end in
    May 1997. In a region where workers reject job mobility, the only remaining
    recourse is the courts and political channels. Dialogue between the board of
    directors and workers' representatives has proved unsuccessful.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    One of the first acts by the new French Prime Minister following his election
    in June 1997 was to consult with employers and unions prior to announcing his
    legislative programme. This move was greeted favourably by both employers and
    trade unions, though their aims are quite different. A national conference on
    pay, employment and working time is to be held in the autumn.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    In the first ballot for the chair of the federal executive committee of the
    teachers' trade union, Gewerkschaft Erziehung und Wissenschaft (GEW), held
    among congress delegates on 26 May 1997, Dieter Wunder, chair since 1981,
    surprisingly and unexpectedly failed to reach the necessary absolute
    majority, although no rival candidate had been nominated. Mr Wunder
    subsequently stood down as a candidate for the second ballot. It was the
    first time that a trade union affiliated to the German Trade Union Federation
    (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB) had rejected the re-election of its chair
    in such a way. After the results of the first ballot became public, the
    congress was interrupted for several hours. During the previous months, there
    had been considerable and controversial internal discussions on the
    relationship between the federal executive committee and the executive
    committees of regional GEW branches, as well as on leadership, trade union
    ideologies and GEW strategies. Many delegates asserted that they wanted to
    teach Mr Wunder a lesson, though it was not their intention to vote him out.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    At the end of May 1997, the Foreign Secretary, Robin Cook, signalled the
    Government's intention of supporting new employment provisions in the
    revision of the EU Treaty. He argued that initiatives to increase levels of
    employment within the EU should have equal weight with the financial criteria
    to be decided for Economic and Monetary Union. Believing that tackling
    unemployment is a number one priority, Mr Cook also said "that is why we will
    support an employment chapter within the treaty of the EU."

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    New figures presented in the revised national Budget in May 1997 show that
    employment in Norway has increased faster than earlier estimates predicted,
    and that unemployment is continuously decreasing. Growth in prices and wages
    is expected to be moderate for both 1997 and 1998.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    In May 1997, the Italian Government proposed emergency measures to modify the
    pensions system in view of the entry criteria for EU Economic and Monetary
    Union (EMU), causing particular problems in the schools sector.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    On 28 May 1997, the Labour Court ruled that the municipality of Mjölby in
    southern Sweden did not discriminate against two women teachers by paying
    them SEK 1,119 less per month than their male colleague was paid for the same
    job (AD 1997:68). The judgment is the latest of several setbacks for women
    invoking the Act on Equality between Men and Women by claiming sex
    discrimination in relation to pay.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    On 8 April 1997 negotiations over this year's national collective agreement
    covering all wage workers in hotels and restaurants ended without agreement,
    and the negotiators have not met formally since. The Hotel, Restaurant,
    Personal Services Workers Trade Union (Gewerkschaft Hotel Gastgewerbe
    Persönlicher Dienst, HGPD) staged some protests in May, but essentially
    focused on a province-by-province strategy of securing collective agreements.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    During May-June 1997, Portuguese trade unions took part in the rallies and
    days of action organised throughout the countries of the European Union in
    order to emphasise work and employment as prime concerns for future European


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

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