Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    Strikes in the Port of Rotterdam in the early months of 1997 demonstrate once
    again its distinctive position in the Dutch system of industrial relations.
    The ongoing process of reorganisation in the mixed-cargo sector, which has a
    long tradition of trade unionism, is responsible for regular labour disputes
    in the form of court action and both organised and wildcat strikes .

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    The Spanish chemicals sector agreement signed in April 1997 takes into
    account the national agreement on labour market reform recently concluded by
    unions and employers, with respect to types of employment contract and
    temporary employment agencies

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    On 22 May 1997, a new employment alliance for eastern Germany was concluded
    between the German Federal Government, the German Trade Union Federation
    (DGB), the German Salaried Employees' Union (DAG), the Confederation of
    German Employers' Associations (BDA), the Confederation of German Industries
    (BDI), the German Association of Chambers of Commerce (DIHT), the Central
    Association of German Crafts (ZDH) and the Associations of the Credit
    Institutions (Kreditgewerbe). Its primary objectives are to: speed up the
    transformation process of the eastern German economy; boost growth; reduce
    unit labour costs; stabilise employment in 1997 at the level of 1996; and
    create 100,000 new jobs in each of the following years.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    A two-year collective agreement was approved by the 225,000 employees in the
    government sector (DK9702103N [1]) and the 662,000 employees in the county
    and municipal bargaining area, offering a 4.25% pay increase, wage adjustment
    schemes, and improved pension and maternity leave provisions. However the
    1997 collective bargaining rounds represented more than adjustments of pay,
    pensions and maternity leave; it was, as the Minister of Finance, Mogens
    Lykketoft said, "a peaceful wage revolution", introducing a more flexible and
    decentralised salary-scale system.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/two-year-collective-agreement-for-government-employees

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    In Greece, temporary work, especially in the form of fixed-term contracts,
    constitutes a policy widespread amongst enterprises in both private and
    public sectors. Although the phenomenon of temporary work has decreased
    considerably in comparison with the early 1990s, when its incidence was twice
    that of the EU average (18% and 9% respectively), it is still quite high
    (10.5% and 11% respectively). A factor contributing to this decrease was the
    decision of the Government in the course of 1990 to dismiss 50,000 temporary
    public employees as part of its attempt to rationalise the functioning of the
    public sector.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    One of Ireland's smallest banks, the Ulster Bank, is seeking to replace its
    incremental-based pay system with a new performance-related reward scheme for
    most of its 1,000 staff in the Republic of Ireland. The bank's proposals have
    been resisted by members of the banking union, the Irish Bank Officials
    Association (IBOA). They have, however, been accepted by its staff in
    Northern Ireland who are part of the British industrial relations system.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    On 7 May, the Dutch Government withdrew a bill that would have allowed
    employers exemptions from paying the statutory national minimum wage [1]
    (NL9702103F [2]). Discussions in Parliament had arrived at a political
    impasse.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/minimum-wage-4
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/proposal-to-exempt-long-term-unemployed-people-from-legal-minimum-wage

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    In November 1996, the brewing group Interbrew, the still-expanding leader in
    the market, announced the ending of bottling activities at its Belle Vue
    Brewery in Molenbeek, an industrial district of Brussels. It meant the loss
    of 103 jobs out of 167 in the company's bottling section. Since then,
    management had been negotiating a company plan with the unions to avoid
    redundancies, and an original solution was eventually found and approved in a
    company referendum on 18 April 1997. This solution is based on the terms of a
    legislative measure that had been ratified on 13 March 1997, called the
    Vandelanotte order after the Flemish Socialist minister: it allows companies
    facing difficulties or restructuring to preserve jobs through a reduction of
    working time linked to the reduction of social security contributions over
    two years.

  • Article
    27 toukokuu 1997

    Total Quality Management (TQM) has been a leading development of the 1990s in
    Britain. Surveys find that almost three-quarters of organisations claim to
    have formal quality programmes, which are believed to work by increasing
    employees' interest in their jobs and their understanding of how their work
    contributes to organisational goals. Many of these programmes have been
    introduced in the past five years. Definitions of TQM vary but its core
    comprises: a focus on the customer; the improvement and inter-linking of
    business processes; and continuous improvement ("Making quality critical", A
    Wilkinson and H Willmott, eds, London, Routledge, 1995.).

Series

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications