Publications

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  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    The cases have been hailed as a major victory for all National Health Service
    (NHS) staff by the Manufacturing, Science and Finance (MSF) trade union,
    which represented the workers involved in their cases. The union's national
    secretary, Roger Kline said that the: "case is a momentous one. It has
    implications for women staff throughout the NHS and other industries. It is a
    landmark decision and is the biggest single breakthrough on equal pay for
    women for many years."

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    In the Netherlands, there has been a long struggle over how responsibilities
    for administering social security should be divided between social partners
    and the government. The Dutch social security administration has been
    reorganised - most recently from March 1997 - under pressure of criticism
    about organisations in which the social partners play a dominant role.
    Financing the social security system has become a structural problem in the
    relations between the Government and the social partners. This has become
    especially manifest in conflicts concerning the level at which social
    security contributions should be set.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    A Presidential Decree on the establishment of European Works Councils (EWCs)
    in Greece was signed on 20 March 1997. Its purpose is to transpose into Greek
    law EC Directive 94/45/EC on the provision of information and consultation to
    employees in Community-scale undertakings and Community-scale groups of
    undertakings, which, under the terms of the Directive, should have been
    transposed by 22 September 1996. The Presidential Decree takes up the option
    provided in the Directive of not applying its provisions to maritime workers.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    Under a novel provision in the Finance Bill, 1997 which gives effect to this
    year's Budget, employees are now entitled to tax relief on individual
    lump-sum payments paid in the context of company restructuring. The payments
    can be made by companies to their employees for agreeing to pay
    restructuring, which must involve overall pay reductions of at last 10% of an
    employee's average salary for the previous two years and must remain in force
    for at least five years. While it is possible that basic pay could be hit by
    the measure, the sort of payroll reductions envisaged are more likely to
    effect non-basic pay items such as overtime, bonus payments and shift
    allowances.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    In France, regulation of the working week is based on a piece of legislation
    passed in 1936, which laid down a work schedule spread over five days.
    Decrees on the application of this law made special provision, in each
    sector, for the way in which these hours would be organised. The one
    concerning banking dates from 1937.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    According to the report /Reported industrial injuries in the building and
    construction sector, 1993-1995/, from the Labour Inspectorate, the sector
    experienced a 22% increase in industrial accidents over the course of
    1993-1995. The general increase in industrial accidents in the period was
    11%. Whereas approximately 5% of the workforce are employed in the building
    and construction sector, this sector reported 8% of all industrial accidents.
    Every month one fatal and 50 serious accidents occur in the sector, and 84
    fatal accidents took place at all Danish workplaces in 1995. The increased
    number of accidents in the building and construction sector, according to the
    Labour Inspectorate, can largely be explained by the sector's 9% job-growth
    and the improved reporting of industrial accidents.

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    In the wake of Renault's announcement of the closure of its plant at
    Vilvoorde (EU9703108F [1]) European trade unions, the European Commission and
    the European Parliament have called for tougher measures to protect the
    interests of employees in the event of large-scale redundancies, business
    transfers and relocation. In an address to the European Parliament (EP) in
    March, Padraig Flynn, the commissioner responsible for industrial relations,
    employment and social affairs, reminded member state governments that they
    had rejected such tougher measures in 1992. While he argued that existing
    legislation covered the situation at Renault, there had to be a serious
    question mark over the deterrent effect of the level of sanctions currently
    available. He told MEP s that he would "propose to the Commission that we
    proceed in the coming weeks with the first stage of consultations with the
    social partners at European level on this issue and I sincerely hope that we
    are able, through this action, the strengthen the protection of workers"
    (reported in RAPID, 11 March). He also pronounced himself in favour of the
    institution of general rules to complement existing measures, aimed at making
    information and consultation compulsory at member state level.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/the-renault-case-and-the-future-of-social-europe

  • Article
    27 huhtikuu 1997

    The /Seymour-Smith/ case has raised the issue of the legality of the two-year
    qualifying period of employment before employees may bring a claim for unfair
    dismissal. The /Observer/ in April reported that many employees are having
    their employment contracts terminated only days before completing the
    two-year period which is necessary to gain employment protection. At present,
    full-time employees must have accumulated two years' continuous service,
    while for employees who work between eight and 16 hours per week, the
    qualifying period is five years.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications