Publications

Search results: 1453 items found
  • Article
    20 joulukuu 2007

    At their June 2007 summit, the Dutch cabinet and the social partners decided
    to establish a taskforce to raise the level of labour market participation,
    particularly among women and older people (*NL0704059I* [1], *NL0707069I*
    [2]). In the autumn of 2007, the Central Bureau of Statistics (Centraal
    Bureau voor de Statistiek, CBS [3]) published figures showing that labour
    market participation has indeed risen for these target groups. The desire of
    women and older people to seek paid employment has also increased.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/labour-force-participation-top-of-agenda-in-unions-talks-with-new-cabinet
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-agree-measures-to-increase-labour-market-participation
    [3] http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/default.htm?Languageswitch=on

  • Article
    20 joulukuu 2007

    On 2 October 2007, Austria’s main social partner organisations presented a
    joint employment programme which is designed to substantially reform the
    country’s vocational training [1] and qualification system. This programme
    ensued from intense and long-lasting negotiations between the Austrian Trade
    Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB [2]) and the
    Chamber of Labour (Arbeiterkammer, AK [3]) on the employees’ side and the
    Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ [4])
    and the Standing Committee of the Presidents of the Chambers of Agriculture
    (Präsidentenkonferenz der Landwirtschaftskammern, PKLWK [5]) on the
    employers’ side. The employment programme, entitled ‘Labour market –
    Future 2010 (in German, 171Kb PDF) [6], contains a variety of proposals for
    meeting the business demand for skilled labour on the one hand and securing a
    high level of youth employment on the other hand.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/vocational-training
    [2] http://www.oegb.at/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=OEGBZ/Page/OEGBZ_Index&n=OEGBZ_0
    [3] http://www.arbeiterkammer.at/www-18.html
    [4] http://portal.wko.at/wk/startseite.wk
    [5] http://www.landwirtschaftskammer.at/netautor/napro4/appl/na_professional/parse.php?mlay_id=20000&xmlval_ID_KEY[0]=2000
    [6] http://www.sozialpartner.at/sozialpartner/20071001_Sozialpartner MaßnahmenpaketArbeitsmarkt_vorläufigeEndversion.pdf

  • Article
    20 joulukuu 2007

    On 30 October 2007, the two sectoral trade unions and the branch subunits of
    the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKO
    [1]) signed a follow-up collective agreement covering about 164,000
    metalworking employees. The two trade unions involved were the Union of
    Salaried Employees, Printing Workers and Journalists (Gewerkschaft der
    Privatangestellten, Druck, Journalismus, Papier, GPA-DJP [2]) and the
    Metalworking, Textiles and Food-Processing Union (Gewerkschaft Metall,
    Textil, Nahrung, GMTN [3]). The compromise reached between the social
    partners was a result of three intensive negotiation rounds, the last of
    which continued for 17 hours.

    [1] http://portal.wko.at/wk/startseite.wk
    [2] http://www.gpa-djp.at/
    [3] http://www.gmtn.at/

  • Article
    20 joulukuu 2007

    In July 2007, the national-level social partner organisations – that is,
    the Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund,
    ÖGB [1]) and the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (Wirtschaftskammer
    Österreich, WKO [2]) – agreed on the introduction of a gross monthly
    minimum pay rate of €1,000. This agreement is to be implemented by the
    sectoral bargaining parties by 1 January 2009 at the latest (*AT0707019I*
    [3]).

    [1] http://www.oegb.at/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=OEGBZ/Page/OEGBZ_Index&n=OEGBZ_0
    [2] http://portal.wko.at/wk/startseite.wk
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-agree-to-minimum-wage-increase

  • Article
    20 joulukuu 2007

    As a result of high cost increases and in order to safeguard long-term
    profitability, the Finnish pulp and paper company Stora Enso [1] announced on
    25 October 2007 its intention to permanently close the Summa paper mill on
    the south coast of Finland near the Port of Hamina and one magazine paper
    machine at the Anjala mill in the southern town of Anjalankoski. The company
    also plans to shut down its pulp mills in the northern-most city of
    Kemijärvi in Finland and in the eastcentral region of Norrsundet in Sweden.
    In Finland, about 1,100 jobs will be lost due to the planned mill closures.

    [1] http://www.storaenso.com/

  • Article
    20 joulukuu 2007

    Unemployment insurance in Estonia is regulated by the Unemployment Insurance
    Act [1] (/Töötuskindlustusseadus/). It is financed through the unemployment
    insurance premiums paid by both employers and employees, which are calculated
    on the basis of employees’ wages; the level of insurance premiums may vary
    between 0.5% and 2% for employees and between 0.25% and 1% for employers. The
    government establishes the exact rate of the insurance premium based on a
    proposal from the supervisory board of the Unemployment Insurance Fund
    (Töötukassa [2]). In 2007, insurance premiums amounted to 0.6% of
    employees’ gross monthly salaries and to 0.3% of employers’ payroll.

    [1] http://www.legaltext.ee/text/en/X50053K5.htm
    [2] http://www.tootukassa.ee/index.php?lang=eng

  • Article
    20 joulukuu 2007

    The automotive industry, which employs more than two million Europeans
    directly and supports an additional 10 million jobs indirectly, is currently
    facing a number of different challenges. On the one hand, while global demand
    is growing strongly, the main economic growth is taking place outside of the
    EU, in countries like Russia, India and China. On the other hand, car
    manufacturers are struggling with flat demand in the western European market,
    new competitors from outside Europe and unfavourable currency exchange rates.
    The future of the industry is also challenged by environmental issues such as
    the necessity to comply with carbon dioxide (CO2) emission quotas.

  • Article
    20 joulukuu 2007

    In August 2007, the Polish Labour Code was amended in order to introduce
    telework into the Polish legal framework by adding a new chapter entitled
    ‘Employment in the form of telework’. Article 67/5 Paragraph 1 of the
    Labour Code defines telework as follows:

  • Article
    20 joulukuu 2007

    On 31 October 2007, the Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas,
    Telecommunications, Post and Railways (Bundesnetzagentur [1]) issued a press
    release (in German) [2] providing information on the number of employees in
    the postal sector. The preliminary results of its survey show that the former
    monopoly holder, Deutsche Post AG, employs 162,938 persons. Of these workers,
    122,437 work as drivers, delivery personnel or sorters. Deutsche Post’s
    competitors employ around 40,000 workers. This latter figure is expected to
    rise, since 200 questionnaires have yet to be returned.

    [1] http://www.bundesnetzagentur.de
    [2] http://www.bundesnetzagentur.de/enid/ba1557d86b8ebf7076f953155c73dd41,0/Presse/Pressemitteilungen_d2.html#12697

  • Article
    20 joulukuu 2007

    The new Labour Code took effect on 1 January 2007. Unlike the previous piece
    of legislation, it does not contain the term ‘work on standby’, meaning
    the period spent by the employee waiting for work at the place of the
    employer; such work is no longer added to the overtime work limit but counted
    as regular working hours (CZ0702079I [1]). Due to the fact that doctors
    covering night shifts – in particular at hospitals and medical emergency
    services – work hundreds of hours of overtime, the problem arose that the
    reduced overtime limit was used up relatively quickly.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/shortage-of-hospital-doctors-due-to-new-labour-code-provisions