1427 items found

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  • Landmark agreement on vocational training in social economy sector

    On 22 September 2006, several of the social economy sector representative employer organisations and trade unions signed the first agreement on continuing vocational training [1]. The agreement covers the entire social economy sector, such as associations, mutual benefit companies, mutual insurance establishments and cooperatives, and provides a lifelong access to training for employees of the sector. The social partners signed the agreement following two years of negotiations and almost three years after the landmark interprofessional agreement on continuing vocational training was concluded (*FR0311103F* [2]). [1] [2]
  • Private agencies authorised to provide employment placement services

    The reform of the public employment placement service, which was introduced in January 2005 with the Social Cohesion Law (*FR0409104F* [1]), put an end to the National Employment Agency’s (Agence nationale pour l’emploi, ANPE [2]) legal monopoly over placement services for unemployed people. The reform, which will allow private players to be involved in placing jobseekers, is aimed at speeding up access to employment and thus reducing unemployment benefit expenditure. [1] [2]
  • Risk factors in long-term sickness absence

    In recent years, increasing attention has been directed towards the incidence of sickness absence in Denmark. For example, the Ministry of Employment (Beskæftigelsesministeriet [1]) has calculated that about 142,000 Danish employees per annum take sickness leave. In light of this fact, the ministry stresses the potential benefits of reducing the level of sickness absence in terms of increasing productivity levels and improving the well-being of employees. In this context, research is being conducted at the National Institute of Occupational Health (Arbejdsmiljøinstituttet [2]) on the causal determinants of sickness absence and exclusion and on how to retain people in work. Recently, the institute published a study on ‘Work environment factors associated with long-term sickness absence and return to work’ (444Kb PDF) [3]. [1] [2]ær.aspx [3]
  • Training opportunities for older workers

    The Austrian Chamber of Labour (Arbeiterkammer Österreich [1]) carried out a quantitative study on older workers, focusing on their access to and satisfaction with training, among other issues. The survey involved more than 600 employees over the age of 45 years, who are employed in six different companies and sectors. In three of these sectors (wholesale and retail sales, construction industry, healthcare), both blue-collar and white-collar employees were interviewed according to a set questionnaire. In the electronic and electrical engineering industry and in the pharmaceutical industry only white-collar workers were interviewed while only blue-collar employees were interviewed in the vehicle construction sector. The questionnaire not only focused on the situation regarding the workers’ current place of employment but also on their job history. [1]
  • Cooperation between employers and employees regarding parental leave

    Interrupting one’s career to take parental leave has been an option in the Czech Republic, in comparison with other European countries, for a relatively long period of time. Until a child reaches the age of three years, employees with children are guaranteed the possibility of returning to their original job following a period of parental leave. However, employers do not have to adhere to this obligation if they decide to restructure the workforce or change the production programme. In some professions, a three-year absence is considered too long a time to maintain the required qualifications to continue the job without knowledge of developments in the profession or ongoing practice.
  • Case studies document practical experience of teleworking

    In March 2005, the Employment and Training Corporation (ETC [1]) published the findings of a research project entitled ‘An enabling framework for telework’ (425Kb PDF) [2]. The study provides details of the current local situation with regard to telework [3] and identifies the developmental changes that are occurring in the labour market, most of which are due to technological advances in the information technology (IT) sector. As no comprehensive legal framework covering telework exists yet in Malta, this form of work is being used on an informal or ad hoc basis. [1] [2] Enabling Framework for Telework.pdf [3]
  • Survey examines migration intentions post-accession

    The BBSS Gallup International (BBSS Gallup [1]) national representative survey entitled ‘Emigration attitudes’ (1Mb MS PowerPoint file) [2], which was carried out in August 2006, aims to collect reliable information about attitudes to emigration among the adult population, particularly in light of Bulgaria’s forthcoming EU accession on 1 January 2007. The Bulgarian Minister of Labour and Social Policy, Emilia Maslarova, presented the preliminary findings of the survey at the United Nations (UN [3]) general assembly on ‘High-level dialogue on international migration and development [4]’, held on 14–15 September 2006. [1] [2] Report_Emigration attitudes_Sept 2006_eng.ppt [3] [4]