Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
The annual conference of the Trades Union Congress (TUC ), held on 10–13
September 2007, adopted a resolution calling for a UK referendum on the EU
Draft Reform Treaty . Union leaders also urged the UK government to drop
the ‘opt-out ’ it has secured from legal enforceability of the Charter
of Fundamental Rights, which is to be granted under the reform treaty
(*UK0707049I* ). The ‘solidarity’ chapter of the charter guarantees a
range of rights for trade unions and employees.
On 19 November 2003, the Hungarian government made several decisions
concerning the future of Hungarian State Railways (Magyar Államvasutak, MÁV
), one of these being a major reduction in MÁV’s workforce. The
company’s board decided that, by the end of 2006, the number of employees
should be reduced from about 53,000 people to no more than 42,000. Through
the mass redundancy, the government expected to save at least HUF 22 billion
(€88 million, as at 6 November 2007). The redundancy of around 11,000
employees, representing 20% of the workforce, was the largest lay-off in the
history of MÁV.
Since October 2007, the social partners in Ireland have been grappling with
the concept of flexicurity  – a hybrid term that is used to describe
policies and measures that combine labour market flexibility , on the one
hand, and employment protection  or social security , on the other. The
issue looks sure to feature in any new social partnership talks in 2008. It
seems likely that trade unions and employers will seek negotiated
‘trade-offs’ around issues like vocational training and lifelong learning
Since the EU enlargement in May 2004, a significant number of workers from
the new EU Member States have entered the Norwegian labour market, the
largest group of which are Polish workers (NO0606039I ). Trade unions and
the media report that pay and working conditions among employees from the new
EU Member States are significantly lower than is normal in Norwegian working
life (NO0405105F , NO0506101N , NO0612029I , NO0609039I ).
However, up to now little statistical information has been available about
the working conditions of these newcomers.
An ‘Assessment of unregistered employment’ is one of 13 projects
initiated by the Latvian Ministry of Welfare (Labklājības Ministrija, LM
) in the framework of the National Programme on Labour Market Studies,
supported by the European Social Fund . The research project was conducted
by the University of Latvia (Latvijas Universitāte, LU ) in cooperation
with the consultancies InMind Ltd (now known as GfK Custom Research Baltic
) and Latvijas Fakti Ltd.
EU policymakers recognise that improving working conditions is crucial to achieving a better quality of work, greater productivity and increased employment – the Lisbon objectives. In this context, the Foundation’s European Working Conditions Surveys, conducted every five years, have been providing a valuable insight into key aspects of work since 1990. This report analyses the findings of the fourth survey, carried out in autumn 2005 across 31 countries, including the 27 EU Member States. Based on workers’ responses, it paints a broad and varied picture of the physical, intellectual and psychological dimensions of work and its impact on personal fulfilment and work-life balance.
With globalisation and demographic changes threatening to undermine the
European Union’s competitiveness, there is general support for more
flexible labour practices. For this reason, the issue of flexicurity  –
one of the most debated terms in recent years – has dominated discussions
between the European social partners. Central to these discussions is the
future of, what is widely referred to as, the European social model .
Several amendments to the legal framework on protection of maternity came
into effect on 25 July 2007 when they were published in the /Official Gazette
of the Republic/. The new Laws 109(I)/2007, 110(I)/2007 and 111(I)/2007
amended, respectively, the Protection of Maternity Law 100(I)/1997, the
Social Insurance Law 41/1980 and the Parental Leave and Leave on Grounds of
Force Majeure Law 69(I)/2002.
In July 2007, the French government decided to limit the increase in the
legal minimum wage for 2007, raising it to no higher than the minimum legal
requirement of 2.06%. In addition, Prime Minister Fillon announced that he
wanted to reform the process for deciding on increases in the national
minimum wage (/salaire minimum interprofessionnel de croissance/, SMIC).
The tripartite National International Labour Organization Council of Hungary
(Nemzeti ILO Tanács, NILO ) commissioned research on the understanding
and practice of corporate social responsibility  (CSR) among small and
medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Hungary. In the course of the study
/Corporate social responsibility at SMEs/, carried out by a team of
researchers from the Business Economics Institute at the Corvinus University
of Budapest , semi-structured interviews were conducted with
owner-managers of 20 socially responsible enterprises.