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  • Article
    27 heinäkuu 1997

    Teamwork is one of the "buzzwords" of the 1990s. Debates on the subject
    usually take one of two positions - its effects are advantageous for all
    concerned or it has a wholly detrimental impact upon employees. New
    collaborative research conducted in Britain and North America by
    theIndustrial Relations Research Unit, University of Warwick and by the
    Département des Relations Industrielles, Université Laval, Canada,
    highlights for the first time the complexities of the effects of teamwork.
    Below we summarise the findings of this research.

  • Article
    27 heinäkuu 1997

    On 26 June 1997 the Northrhine-Westphalia (NRW) district office of Germany's
    IG Metall metalworkers' union for the first time invited its colleagues from
    Dutch and Belgium metalworking unions to join a meeting of the regional
    collective bargaining commission (Tarifkommission). The commission is the
    trade union's decision-making body on collective bargaining strategy, as well
    as on the final adoption of collective agreements.

  • Article
    27 heinäkuu 1997

    Pensions in the Austrian private sector are financed under a "pay-as-you-go"
    system, with 22.75% of the total wage cost being contributed to the national
    pension insurance schemes. Pensions cost nearly 15% of Austrian GDP, compared
    with between 9% and 12% in most member states of the EU, and close to 20% of
    private sector pension cost is financed from the federal budget. There is
    broad agreement among experts that the Austrian pension system is relatively
    generous. Average pensions, according to the Government, are ATS 11,000 per
    month for former employees, and ATS 32,000 per month for former federal civil
    servants. Local government civil servants are estimated to receive average
    monthly pensions of ATS 24,000. Austrian pensions amount to 80% of the
    average contributions over a person's best 15 years' earnings, if they have
    worked for at least 35 years, in the case of men, or 30 years, in the case of
    women. Where people have worked for under 35 or 30 years, there are
    deductions for every year under this figure. Men have to be at least 60 and
    women at least 55 to qualify for early retirement, except in cases of
    disability, while the normal retirement age is 60 for women and 65 for men.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    In autumn 1996, following what company management considered the constant
    opposition of some works councils to worker participation, the
    Electrolux-Zanussi group in Italy announced that it intended to terminate all
    company-level agreements on participation from the end of March 1997. At the
    same time, however, the company invited trade unions to negotiate a revision
    of the participation model which had been developed within the group during
    the previous years, in order to strengthen it and confirm joint and full
    support from both unions and management. Consultations among company and
    union representatives started in May, but they have not yet led to an
    agreement. The issue at stake is very important, since the participation
    model at Electrolux-Zanussi is generally considered one of the most advanced
    in Europe and the most significant in Italy.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    The framework agreement, signed on 15 November 1996, for the 625,000
    employees in the 275 Danish municipalities and 14 counties, is the
    culmination of six years of experiments with new structures for cooperation
    between workers and employers. The agreement is a response to the increasing
    demands imposed on local and regional authorities for quality services,
    budgetary restraints and improvements in efficiency and increased flexibility
    on the part of employees.

  • Article
    27 kesäkuu 1997

    Protests in June 1997 against the termination of ship-refitting work at
    Spain's publicly owned Astander shipyard met with a forceful response from
    the police. The problem arose because the Ministry of Industry imposed a
    unilateral amendment to the Strategic Competitiveness Plan for the naval
    sector. The dispute is still continuing, even though the Ministry has
    modified its position


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

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