Publications

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  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    The European Commission has published its amended proposal for a Council
    Directive amending Directive 77/187/EEC on the safeguarding of employees'
    rights in the event of transfers of undertakings. The amended proposal
    reflects the Opinions submitted by the Economic and Social Committee and the
    Committee of the Regions, as well as the many amendments put forward by the
    European Parliament. Soon after the publication of the amended draft, the
    Commission also issued a Memorandum on the interpretation of the Directive
    (Record EU9703109F [1])

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/commission-issues-memorandum-on-transfer-of-undertakings

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    A "national agreement" between the Italian Government and trade unions,
    signed in March 1997, has established harmonised rules for almost all
    employment in the public and private sectors.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    Two separate strikes have been hitting the French hospital sector over
    February and March 1997. On the one hand, certain unions are campaigning
    against cuts in hospital budgets while, on the other hand, numerous trainee
    doctors and senior consultants are on strike, demanding the revision of the
    medical agreement co-signed by the health insurance office (CNAM) and the
    medical profession, which in their opinion hinders the practicing of
    professional medicine.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    On 19 March 1997, the general meeting of the Fachgemeinschaft Bau Berlin und
    Brandenburg, the regional industry and employers' association for the
    building industry in the federal states of Berlin and Brandenburg, decided to
    quit the Zentralverband des Deutschen Baugewerbes (Central Association of the
    German Building Trade, ZDB) and the Hauptverband der Deutschen Bauindustrie
    (Federal Association of the German Building Industry, HDB). In future, the
    regional association will no longer participate in the highly centralised
    collective bargaining system of the building industry, which includes central
    framework agreements (Manteltarifverträge) and national wage agreements
    (Lohntarifverträge).

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    According to the yearly wage statistics from the Danish Employers'
    Confederation (DA), 1996 was the most conflict-free year for the private
    sector labour market in the 1990s. From 1995 to 1996, the number of
    unofficial strikes - defined as those in contravention of a collective
    agreement - fell from 1,740 to 791 and the number of working days lost
    decreased by 70% to 52,808 in 1996. Although there was an overall decrease in
    working days lost, the proportion of working days lost due to wage
    disagreements increased from 45% to 52% and conflicts related to redundancies
    and dismissals increased from 5% to 13%. Between 1995 and 1996 secondary
    action fell drastically, from 34% to 9% of the total number of working days
    lost. This can be attributed to the 1995 bus conflict ("RiBus-konflikten"),
    one of the longest disputes in post-war Danish industrial relations.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    Negotiations to revise the important collective agreement in Portugal's
    banking sector are deadlocked. The industry's largest trade union will soon
    hold its elections, but its socialist members are divided, while substantial
    workforce reductions have been announced for the coming years.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    On 13 March 1997, Handelsanställdas förbund (Commercial Employees' Union)
    sued the company behind the 7-Eleven chain of shops for SEK 1 million
    compensation for breach of the collective agreement. The agreement in
    question is in fact a combination of two, which were agreed last summer in an
    attempt to settle a dispute concerning the unsocial hours bonus.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    On Thursday 27 February 1997 Renault announced - completely unexpectedly -
    the closure of its Belgian production plant in Vilvoorde by July of this
    year. As a result, more than 3,000 Renault employees and an estimated 1,500
    employees in direct supply companies will lose their jobs. There is a general
    consensus that the decision ignored all legal rules and procedures concerning
    factory closures. This includes ILO and OECD procedures as well as national
    codes of conduct, and European Union and national legislation on collective
    redundancies and works council rights. These regulations lay down that
    employees have to be notified before a decision about a factory closure is
    made and informed about the ways in which the company plans to deal with the
    consequences for the employees.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    Akzo Nobel has announced that it will not observe its 1995 collective
    agreement and that it will abandon the introduction of a standard 36-hour
    week as of 1 July 1997. Its new proposals have divided the unions.

  • Article
    27 maaliskuu 1997

    A protest march on the Dail by rank-and-file members of the Irish police
    force, the Garda Siochana, was due to take place on 16 April to highlight
    their demand for the first independent review of police pay since 1981.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications