Sanz de Miguel, Pablo
06 Octobre 2011
The national debt crisis, which has been affecting the Spanish economy since 2009, worsened in August last. On 5 August, the Spanish risk premium (the spread between the interest offered on 10-year Spanish bonds and 10-year German bonds over the same period) reached its highest level in history, at 421 points. That is, the annual interest on the country’s 10-year bond was 6.47%, 4.21% higher than German bonds. The European Central Bank bought Spanish sovereign bonds in an attempt to lower the risk premium. Furthermore, on 19 August, the government enacted a Royal Decree, containing more measures to decrease the public deficit. These included greater use of cheaper generic drugs by the health service, and arranging for advance taxation of enterprises with a turnover of more than €20 million. The Spanish Prime Minister, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, fearing a new national debt crisis in the autumn has also proposed that a constitutional limit should be set on the public deficit. His view is that this would be the least painful measure in order to ease the tension in the financial markets.
04 Août 2011
The problem of undeclared work in Spain – where employers and workers pay no social security contributions – has been the subject of media discussion and political debate for the last few years. Several initiatives have been launched to combat undeclared work but they have led to little improvement.
18 Juillet 2011
In 2010, the Spanish government implemented drastic and unpopular measures to reduce the public deficit due to pressure exerted by the financial markets and the debt crisis that was affecting several European countries (ES1006011I ). These measures began to work and the deficit dropped to 9.4% of gross domestic product (GDP) at the end of 2010. The government then agreed in its Fiscal and Financial Policy Council to set new goals, aiming to reduce the public deficit of the autonomous communities from 3.9%, the average across all of them, to 1.3%.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/government-endorses-plan-to-cut-public-deficit
26 Mai 2011
Public-capital enterprise Aena Aeropuertos S.A. was created by Royal-Decree 13/2010 of 3 December (ES1012021I ). It replaces the public Spanish Airport Company, AENA, and will be in charge of the management and exploitation of the public airport network, previously managed by AENA. However, the area of competences of air navigation will continue to be held by AENA, which will keep a 51% share at least of the business.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/government-endorses-new-measures-to-encourage-growth-and-reduce-deficit
10 Mai 2011
In 2010, major differences emerged between unions, employer organisations and the government as conflicts grew over the government’s plans to cut the public deficit, enacted in May 2010 (*ES1006011I* ), and labour market legislation reform unilaterally approved by the government in June 2010 (*ES1007011I* ).  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/government-endorses-plan-to-cut-public-deficit  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/government-approves-law-proposing-urgent-labour-market-reform
01 Mars 2011
After a week marked by tension due to the increase in the public debt, the government approved a Royal Decree Law on fiscal, labour and business deregulation that aims to foster the creation of employment and investment and increase public revenue. Some of the measures announced are reflected in the sustainable economy bill approved in November 2009 (*ES0912039I* ) while others have sidestepped public debate.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/debate-over-sustainable-economy-bill
22 Novembre 2010
The general strike was called by the ‘most representative’ trade unions, the Trade Union Confederation of Workers’ Commissions (CCOO ) and the General Workers’ Confederation (UGT ), after parliament passed the Royal Decree Law 10/2010, of 16 June, on urgent measures for the labour market reform (*ES1007011I* ). The government announced that the decree would be processed as a project law, coming into force on 9 September, allowing different parliamentary groups to include amendments. However, this did not appease the trade unions, who suspected that the general opposition of the left-wing parties to the reform would force the government to negotiate the formulation of the law with centre-right nationalist parties, namely the Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV ) and the Catalan Political Coalition (CiU ).  http://www.ccoo.es/csccoo/menu.do  http://www.ugt.es/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/government-approves-law-proposing-urgent-labour-market-reform  http://www.eaj-pnv.eu/eusk  http://www.ciu.cat/
22 Septembre 2010
Following the breakdown of social dialogue in July 2009 (ES0910029I ), the debate on labour reform in Spain was reopened in recent months with the aim of reaching agreement on the minimum requirements that would build market confidence and fulfil the demands of the European Union).  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/debate-over-sustainable-economy-bill
27 Juillet 2010
Spain’s public deficit reached 11.4% of gross domestic product (GDP) at the end of 2009. This was caused by high-spending fiscal policies aimed at stimulating growth and employment, an increase of unemployment benefits and a loss of revenue from income tax.
24 Mai 2010
Social security contributions for occupational hazards are allocated to cover occupational accidents and diseases . In this sense, they differ from other contributions designated for common diseases and non-occupational accidents.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/occupational-accidents-and-diseases