Involuntary temporary employment (%), by education, 2018
Source: EU-LFSSujets: Unemployment Employment structure Emploi et marchés du travail
The chart below shows how the share of specific flexible labour market indicators developed in 2018. It shows the share of all temporary workers who indicate that they work on a temporary contract because they could not find a permanent job.
In light of the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, it should be noted that data published on the Eurofound website may include the 28 EU Member States, as the UK was covered in earlier research. This will be progressively amended to reflect the current composition of the 27 EU Member States.