A fair wage for workers on-demand via app

Work-on-demand via Application encompasses the outsourcing of very traditional jobs, such as driving or cleaning, to workers engaged by digital platforms as independent contractors. According to recent studies and empirical findings, these workers, often deprived of any basic employment and social protections, face high economic uncertainty. Granting them the application of the minimum wage could be a way to alleviate it and provide a fairer distribution of the profits generated by the digital platforms. The author investigates possible solutions to achieve this target. After ruling out that workers on-demand via app can be normally classified as “employees” and that their inclusion into existing or brand-new intermediate categories can lead to satisfactory outcomes, he moved to a de iure condendo perspective. He argues that the best solution should consider workers on-demand via application to be part of the category of self-employed performing personal work. He proposes a new redistribution of employment protections towards all personal work relations, aimed at reworking the rigidity of the dichotomy of employment (full rights)/self-employment (no rights), based on a purposive approach. The article concludes by considering the issues that the proposal at stake will face in light of competition law and free movement of services with the EU single market.


Access the Research publication

A fair wage for workers on-demand via app
Menegatti, E. (2018), 'A fair wage for workers on-demand via app', in (eds.) Ales, E. et al, Working in Digital and Smart Organizations, Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.


  • no specific sector focus
  • EU28
  • 2018
  • Research publication
  • employment status, legal issues
  • English
  • Palgrave Macmillan (Publisher)
  • Qualitative research
  • Subscription
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