The rise of online labour markets: freelancing and gig working via internet platforms

Gig work apps’ food delivery drivers have become a familiar sight in many European cities. However, there is also a completely digital version of platform-mediated non-standard work. In online gig work, self-employed workers complete projects remotely for clients obtained through online labour platforms. Surveys suggest that similar proportions of European workers engage in online gig work and local gig work, yet the two differ significantly. The online gig economy is transnational and spans a full spectrum of skills, from data entry to software development. It offers an interesting view to the future of skills, social protection, and industrial relations in Europe.

German version

Lehdonvirta, V. (2019). The rise of online labour markets: freelancing and gig working via internet platforms. Online article.

Metadata

  • 2018
  • Article
  • platform characteristics, skills and skills development
  • English, German
  • IAB (Forschungsinstitut der Bundesagentur für Arbeit, Institute for Employment Research) (Research institute)
  • Qualitative research
  • Open access
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