EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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20 lignes sélectionnés dans cette page.  
Titre Country Typetrier par ordre décroissant Nom natif Nom anglais
Romania: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Romania Staff information and consultation on business transfers Legea nr. 67/2006 privind protectia drepturilor salariatilor in cazul transferului intreprinderii, al unitatii sau al unor parti ale acestora, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, nr. 276 din 28 martie 2006 Law no. 67/2006 regarding the transfer of undertakings, businesses, or parts of undertakings or businesses, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, no. 276 of 28 March 2006
Spain: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Spain Staff information and consultation on business transfers Directiva 98/50/CE DEL CONSEJO de 29 de junio de 1998 por la que se modifica la Directiva 77/187/CEE sobre la aproximación de las legislaciones de los Estados miembros relativas al mantenimiento de los derechos de los trabajadores en caso de traspaso de empresas, de centros de actividad o de partes de centros de actividad; Ley 12/2001, de 9 de Julio, de medidas urgentes para reformar el mercado de trabajo Council Directive 98/50/EC of 29 June 1998 amending Directive 77/187/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the safeguarding of employees' rights in the event of transfers of undertakings, businesses or parts of businesses; Law 12/2001 of 9 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market
Poland: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Poland Staff information and consultation on business transfers Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. - Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 23.05.1991 o związkach zawodowych; Ustawa z dnia 23.04.1964 r. -Kodeks cywilny Act of 26.06.1974 - Labour Code; Act of 23.05.1991 on trade unions; Act of 23.04.1964 - Civil Code
Austria: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Austria Staff information and consultation on business transfers Arbeitsvertragsrechts-Anpassungsgesetz (AVRAG) Employment Law Harmonisation Act (AVRAG)
Ireland: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Ireland Staff information and consultation on business transfers European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 131/2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018 European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 131/2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018
Slovakia: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Slovakia Staff information and consultation on business transfers Zákonník práce Labour Code
Denmark: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Denmark Staff information and consultation on business transfers Bekendtgørelse af lov om lønmodtageres retsstilling ved virksomhedsoverdragelse (LBK nr 710 af 20/08/2002); Lov om information og høring af lønmodtagere (LOV nr 303 af 02/05/2005) The Danish Act on Employees' Rights in the event of Transfers of Undertakings (Consolidation Act no. 710 of 22 August 2002; The Danish Act on Information and Consultation of Employees (Act no. 303 of 2 May 2005)
Norway: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Norway Staff information and consultation on business transfers Arbeidsmiljøloven Working Environment Act
Netherlands: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Netherlands Staff information and consultation on business transfers Wet op de ondernemingsraden; Burgerlijk Wetboek Works Council Act; Civil Code
United Kingdom: Staff information and consultation on business transfers United Kingdom Staff information and consultation on business transfers Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 (TUPE); Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 2014 Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 (TUPE); Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 2014
Czechia: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Czechia Staff information and consultation on business transfers Zákoník práce, zákon č. 262/2006 Sb. Labour Code (Law No. 262/2006 Coll.)
Cyprus: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Cyprus Staff information and consultation on business transfers Ν. 78(Ι)/2005 – Ο περί της Θέσπισης Γενικού Πλαισίου Ενημέρωσης και Διαβούλευσης των Εργοδοτουμένων Nόμος του 2005; Ν. 106(I)/2011 - Ο Περί της Σύστασης Ευρωπαϊκών Επιτροπών Επιχειρήσεων Νόμος του 2011; Ν. 104(I)/2000 - Ο περί της Διατήρησης και Διασφάλισης των Δικαιωμάτων των Εργοδοτουμένων κατά τη Μεταβίβαση Επιχειρήσεων, Εγκαταστάσεων ή Τμημάτων Επιχειρήσεων ή Εγκαταστάσεων Νόμος του 2000 Law on Establishing of a General Framework for Information and Consultation of Employees of 2005 (Law 78(I)/2005); Law on the Establishment of European Enterprises Councils of 2011 (Law 106(I)/2011); Law on the Preservation and Protection of the Employee's Rights during the Transfer of Business, Facilities or Parts of Business or Facilities of 2000 (Law 104(I)/2000)
Croatia: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Croatia Staff information and consultation on business transfers Zakon o radu 93/2014, 127/17, 98/19 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17, 98/19
Portugal: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Portugal Staff information and consultation on business transfers Código do Trabalho, Lei 7/2009 de 12 de Fevereiro, alterado pela lei 18/2021 de 8 de Abril Labour Code - Law 7/2009 of 12 February, amended by Law 18/2021 of 8 April
Luxembourg: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Luxembourg Staff information and consultation on business transfers Code du travail Labour Code
Lithuania: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Lithuania Staff information and consultation on business transfers Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603 Labour code No XII-2603
Slovenia: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Slovenia Staff information and consultation on business transfers Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1); Zakon o sodelovanju delavcev pri upravljanju (ZSDU); Zakon o poslovni skrivnosti (ZPosS) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1); Worker Participation in Management Act (ZSDU); Trade Secrets Act (ZPosS)
Italy: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Italy Staff information and consultation on business transfers Legge 29 dicembre 1990, n. 428, Disposizioni per l’adempimento di obblighi derivanti dall’appartenenza dell’Italia alle Comunità europee Law 29 December 1990, no. 428, Provisions for the fulfillment of obligations deriving from Italy’s membership of the European Communities
Bulgaria: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Bulgaria Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Finland: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Finland Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Laki yhteistoiminnasta yrityksissä (334/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta suomalaisissa ja yhteisönlaajuisissa yritysryhmissä (335/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta valtion virastossa ja laitoksissa (1233/2013), Laki työnantajan ja henkilöstön välisestä yhteistoiminnasta kunnissa (449/2007) Act on Cooperation within Undertakings (334/2007), Act on Cooperation within […] Groups of Undertakings (335/2007), Act on Cooperation within Government Agencies and Institutions (1233/2013), Act on Cooperation […] within Municipalities (449/2007)

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