Eurofound’s long-established observatories on industrial relations (EIRO) and working conditions (EWCO) have since 2014 been combined to form EurWORK: the European Observatory of Working Life. EurWORK gathers all Eurofound's resources on working conditions and industrial relations, and is supported by a Network of Eurofound Correspondents across all EU Member States and Norway.
Eurofound runs two regular surveys on working life issues: the European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) and the European Company Survey (ECS).
EurWORK focuses on
The demographic challenge of an ageing population and the increasing diversity of working life have led to an increased focus on the concept of sustainable work over the life course. This emphasises the relevance of the quality of a worker’s job and their working environment over the entire course of their working life.
Trade unions, employer organisations and public authorities all play a role in the governance of the employment relationship. They are interlocking parts in a system that operates at European, national, sectoral, regional and company level. In recent years, as technology and forms of work evolve within a constantly changing economic environment, industrial relations systems have faced key challenges.
Eurofound provides systematic and comparable data on national industrial relations systems and developments in working life through monitoring and reporting tools drawing on contributions from its network of correspondents across 28 Member States.
This report provides information on statutory minimum wages that are generally applicable in a country and not limited to specific sectors, occupations or groups of employees. While the scope of the report covers all 28 EU Member States, the main findings relate to the 22 countries that had a statutory minimum wage in place in 2018. In the majority of countries, the social partners have been involved in the setting of the minimum wage in 2018 – in marked contrast to the beginning of the decade when minimum wage-setting was characterised by strong government intervention.
Discrimination against men at work: Experiences in five countries
Salary-setting mechanisms across the EU
Pay transparency in Europe: First experiences with gender pay reports and audits in four Member States
Statutory minimum wages 2018
Extending working life: What do workers want?
Developments in working life in Europe: EurWORK annual review 2016
Working time patterns for sustainable work
Religion in the workplace
Developments in collectively agreed pay 2016
Pay inequalities experienced by posted workers: Challenges to the ‘equal treatment’ principle