EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life

  • Workers in newer Member States expected to work three weeks more per year

    Workers in Member States that joined the EU after May 2004 were expected to work close to three full working weeks per year more than those in ‘older’ Member States in 2018. Throughout the EU, the average collectively agreed annual working time was approximately 1,714 hours in 2018. However,...
  • Developments in working life in Europe - Q2 2019

    What has taken place during the second quarter of 2019 in the industrial relations and working conditions landscape in European countries? There is no need to look further: you can get up-to-date information as reported by our Network of Eurofound Correspondents who, on a quarterly basis, chart the...
  • Improving monitoring of posted workers in the EU

    To offer services in another Member State, an employer may send an employee for a limited period of time to provide a service in this Member State. Intra-EU posting of workers is a specific form of labour mobility for which concerns about abuse and unfair competition are often raised. This report...
  • To have or have not: A statutory minimum wage

    Cyprus and Italy are currently considering the introduction of a universal minimum wage floor by law. With this move, they would be joining 22 other EU Member States that already have one in place. In the remaining Member States – Austria, Denmark, Finland and Sweden – and in Norway, too, minimum...
  • Developments in working life in Europe - Q1 2019

    What has taken place during the first quarter of 2019 in the industrial relations and working conditions landscape in European countries? There is no need to look further: you can get up-to-date information as reported by our Network of Eurofound Correspondents who, on a quarterly basis, chart the...
  • Ireland: Latest developments in working life Q2 2019

    The implementation of gender pay legislation, changes to parental leave, a strike by health staff and new employment orders for the electric and construction sectors are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Ireland in...
  • Malta: Latest developments in working life Q2 2019

    Uncertainty over the time frame of the ongoing refurbishment at Mount Carmel Hospital, a dispute regarding the workload of teachers and the publication of a report about foreign workers in Malta are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments...
  • Austria: Latest developments in working life Q2 2019

    A political crisis that led to the collapse of the government, resolutions passed in parliament under the new interim government and developments in collective bargaining are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in...
  • Belgium: Latest developments in working life Q2 2019

    The ongoing dispute in the aviation industry, the establishment of a new support service for freelancers and a partial solution for intersectoral negotiations are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Belgium in the...
  • Bulgaria: Latest developments in working life Q2 2019

    A wage increase for city transport workers in Sofia, the rise in the number of violations of labour rights in 2018 and changes to a training voucher scheme for employed people are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in...

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