Promoting social cohesion and convergence

COVID-19: une étape charnière pour une convergence ascendante en matière de santé et de soins de santé dans l’UE?

Policy brief
Publié
30 Septembre 2021
pdf
Formats and languages

Principales conclusions

  • From 2008–2019, health outcomes in the EU improved as Member States with modest health expenditures expanded their healthcare spending. By 2019, this enabled these countries (mainly the central and eastern European Member States) to catch up with the top EU spenders.
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  • From 2008–2019, health outcomes in the EU improved as Member States with modest health expenditures expanded their healthcare spending. By 2019, this enabled these countries (mainly the central and eastern European Member States) to catch up with the top EU spenders.
  • Although the number of practising doctors and nurses grew steadily in the EU between 2008 and 2019, medical staff shortages persisted. The gap between countries widened partly due to the migration of healthcare professionals, and countries with existing labour shortages in healthcare saw their situation deteriorate further, hindering their ability to catch up with the rest of the EU.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic affected countries differently, leading to huge disparities in the number of infections and deaths. The mitigation strategies adopted by Member States varied in intensity and time frame, highlighting the importance of a coordinated EU exit strategy to achieve faster progress in controlling a pandemic.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed structural inequalities in healthcare capacity across Member States. To ensure no-one is left behind in the aftermath of the crisis, translating the healthcare principles of the European Pillar of Social Rights into a reality by increasing healthcare capacity and coverage will be critical.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic underlined how the EU lacked the tools to manage a severe health crisis. Greater coordination and reporting in the area of health as part of a European Health Union would reinforce the crisis preparedness of the EU. The conference on the Future of Europe is an important opportunity for citizens to have their say on Europe’s health priorities for the future.
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Résumé

Les effets de la COVID-19 ont fait remonter la santé publique en tête de l’agenda de la politique sociale de l’UE. Tandis que l’UE oriente ses efforts vers la création d’une Union européenne de la santé pour se prémunir contre de futures crises sanitaires, la présente note d’orientation examine dRead more

Les effets de la COVID-19 ont fait remonter la santé publique en tête de l’agenda de la politique sociale de l’UE. Tandis que l’UE oriente ses efforts vers la création d’une Union européenne de la santé pour se prémunir contre de futures crises sanitaires, la présente note d’orientation examine dans quelle mesure l’UE est parvenue à une convergence ascendante sur les plans de la santé et des résultats en matière de soins de santé, ainsi que des dépenses de santé et de la fourniture de soins de santé, avant la pandémie. Elle examine par ailleurs les schémas de convergence en matière d’infections et de décès dus à la COVID-19 et de mesures d’atténuation adoptées par l’UE et les gouvernements nationaux.

Les résultats indiquent que, de 2008 à 2019, la santé des citoyens de l’UE s’est globalement améliorée et que les États membres ont convergé en ce qui concerne les résultats en matière de santé, mais que des disparités dans les dépenses publiques et la prestation de services de santé ont continué de se creuser. Dans ce contexte, la pandémie de COVID-19 a entraîné de nouvelles divergences, le nombre des décès et des infections variant fortement d’un pays à un autre. La note d’orientation révèle qu’une Union européenne de la santé permettrait idéalement non seulement de renforcer la préparation aux crises de l’UE, mais aussi, à terme, de faire converger les indicateurs de santé et de soins de santé de ses États membres.

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Formats and languages

  • Rapport

    Nombre de pages: 
    32
    Nº de référence: 
    EF20026
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-2199-8
    Nº de catalogue: 
    TJ-AR-21-004-FR-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/04703
    Catalogue info

    COVID-19: une étape charnière pour une convergence ascendante en matière de santé et de soins de santé dans l’UE?

    Formats

    Citer cette publication: 

    Eurofound (2021), COVID-19: A turning point for upward convergence in health and healthcare in the EU? Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

  • Tables and graphs

    The policy brief contains the following lists of tables and figures.

    List of tables

    Table 1: Determinants of annual growth in health indicators, EU27, 2008–2019
    Table 2: Determinants of annual growth in health expenditures per capita, EU27, 2008–2019

    List of figures

    Figure 1: Convergence in life expectancy at birth, 2008–2019
    Figure 2: Convergence in self-perceived health, 2008–2019
    Figure 3: Convergence in infant mortality rate, 2008–2019
    Figure 4: Convergence in unmet needs for medical examination and care, 2008–2019
    Figure 5: Impact of GDP per capita (in euro) on health indicators, EU27, 2008–2019
    Figure 6: Convergence in government expenditures on health, 2008–2019
    Figure 7: Convergence in the supply of physicians, 2008–2016
    Figure 8: Convergence in the supply of nurses and midwives, 2008–2016
    Figure 9: Convergence in hospital bed capacity, 2008–2018
    Figure 10: Convergence in life expectancy at birth, 2019–2020
    Figure 11: COVID-19 – new cases and deaths per million, EU27, January 2020–11 August 2021
    Figure 12: COVID-19 – New cases and deaths per million by Member State, January 2020 – 11 August 2021
    Figure 13: COVID-19 – convergence in Stringency Index, January 2020–1 August 2021
    Figure 14: COVID-19 – new daily vaccinations, 28 December 2020–10 August 2021
    Figure 15: COVID-19 – total vaccines administered by GDP per capita (in euro), EU27, 30 May and 10 August 2021
    Figure 16: COVID-19 – new daily vaccinations in the EU27, United States and OECD, 13 January 2021–10 August 2021

Il est possible que des recherches effectuées avant le retrait du Royaume-Uni de l’Union européenne le 31 janvier 2020 et publiées après cette date incluent des données relatives aux 28 États membres de l’UE. À compter de cette date, les recherches ne porteront, sauf indication contraire, que sur les 27 États membres de l’UE (UE-28 moins le Royaume-Uni)

Part of the series

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

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