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  • Article
    27 Mars 1997

    A "national agreement" between the Italian Government and trade unions,
    signed in March 1997, has established harmonised rules for almost all
    employment in the public and private sectors.

  • Article
    27 Mars 1997

    Two separate strikes have been hitting the French hospital sector over
    February and March 1997. On the one hand, certain unions are campaigning
    against cuts in hospital budgets while, on the other hand, numerous trainee
    doctors and senior consultants are on strike, demanding the revision of the
    medical agreement co-signed by the health insurance office (CNAM) and the
    medical profession, which in their opinion hinders the practicing of
    professional medicine.

  • Article
    27 Mars 1997

    On 19 March 1997, the general meeting of the Fachgemeinschaft Bau Berlin und
    Brandenburg, the regional industry and employers' association for the
    building industry in the federal states of Berlin and Brandenburg, decided to
    quit the Zentralverband des Deutschen Baugewerbes (Central Association of the
    German Building Trade, ZDB) and the Hauptverband der Deutschen Bauindustrie
    (Federal Association of the German Building Industry, HDB). In future, the
    regional association will no longer participate in the highly centralised
    collective bargaining system of the building industry, which includes central
    framework agreements (Manteltarifverträge) and national wage agreements

  • Article
    27 Mars 1997

    According to the yearly wage statistics from the Danish Employers'
    Confederation (DA), 1996 was the most conflict-free year for the private
    sector labour market in the 1990s. From 1995 to 1996, the number of
    unofficial strikes - defined as those in contravention of a collective
    agreement - fell from 1,740 to 791 and the number of working days lost
    decreased by 70% to 52,808 in 1996. Although there was an overall decrease in
    working days lost, the proportion of working days lost due to wage
    disagreements increased from 45% to 52% and conflicts related to redundancies
    and dismissals increased from 5% to 13%. Between 1995 and 1996 secondary
    action fell drastically, from 34% to 9% of the total number of working days
    lost. This can be attributed to the 1995 bus conflict ("RiBus-konflikten"),
    one of the longest disputes in post-war Danish industrial relations.

  • Article
    27 Mars 1997

    Negotiations to revise the important collective agreement in Portugal's
    banking sector are deadlocked. The industry's largest trade union will soon
    hold its elections, but its socialist members are divided, while substantial
    workforce reductions have been announced for the coming years.

  • Article
    27 Mars 1997

    On 13 March 1997, Handelsanställdas förbund (Commercial Employees' Union)
    sued the company behind the 7-Eleven chain of shops for SEK 1 million
    compensation for breach of the collective agreement. The agreement in
    question is in fact a combination of two, which were agreed last summer in an
    attempt to settle a dispute concerning the unsocial hours bonus.

  • Article
    27 Mars 1997

    Akzo Nobel has announced that it will not observe its 1995 collective
    agreement and that it will abandon the introduction of a standard 36-hour
    week as of 1 July 1997. Its new proposals have divided the unions.

  • Article
    27 Mars 1997

    A protest march on the Dail by rank-and-file members of the Irish police
    force, the Garda Siochana, was due to take place on 16 April to highlight
    their demand for the first independent review of police pay since 1981.

  • Article
    27 Mars 1997

    Over the past decade there has been increasing concern among the institutions
    of the European Union about the rising tide of racism across the member
    states. In a recent address to a conference on combating racism organised by
    the ETUC, social affairs commissioner Padraig Flynn highlighted the
    importance of the fight against racism in "achieving improved working
    conditions, creating jobs, improved industrial relations, the use of human
    resources to the best possible effect, social justice, equal opportunities,
    wealth and tolerance".


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications