Standard employment is not simply being replaced by non-standard work; employment is becoming more diverse, and policy must accordingly become more tailored. The last decade has seen much public and policy debate on the future of work. Standard employment – permanent, full-time and subject to labour law – is still dominant in Europe, and non-standard work, with the exception of part-time work, has been growing only to a rather limited extent. But it is acknowledged more and more that something is happening in the European labour market that is not transparent from the data, that this is of increasing importance, and that it is influencing the quality of work and employment.
New forms of employment
- Published between
- 12 Mars 2015 - 15 Décembre 2020
This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.
- Report15 Décembre 2020
Although standard employment (generally full-time and permanent) remains the dominant employment type across the EU, European labour markets are increasingly characterised by a variety of different forms. These new forms of employment involve new formal employment relationships or work patterns (linked to aspects such as place of work, working time or use of ICT) and sometimes both. This report puts the spotlight on nine innovative employment forms across the 27 EU Member States, Norway and the UK.
- Report21 Septembre 2020
Platform work– the matching of supply and demand for paid labour through an online platform – is still small in scale but is expected to grow. Accordingly, it is important to anticipate the opportunities and risks related to this business model and employment form. This report explores potential scenarios for two selected types of platform work by 2030, drawing on Eurofound’s ‘Future scenarios of platform work’ project. It assesses the expected implications for the economy, labour market and society if these potential futures were realised.
- Report2 Juillet 2020
Developments in information and communication technology (ICT) have been among the key drivers of change in working life over the past two decades. Specifically, telework and ICT-based mobile work (TICTM) exemplifies how digital technology has led to more flexible workplace and working time practices. However, the ability to work anywhere and at any time can lead to greater work intensification, competition and work-on-demand. If this is not explicitly addressed, it threatens to override the advantages that ICT-based flexible working brings to work–life balance.Temps de travail, Work organisation, Working conditions, Équilibre entre vie professionnelle et vie privée, Nouvelles formes d’emploi, Collective bargaining, Agreements, L’ère numérique: opportunités et défis pour le travail et l’emploi, Relations industrielles, Teleworking, Labour and social regulation, Anticiper et gérer l’impact du changement, Les conditions de travail et le travail durable, Relations industrielles et dialogue social
- Report16 Janvier 2020
Advances in ICT have opened the door to new ways of organising work. We are shifting from a regular, bureaucratic and ‘factory-based’ working time pattern towards a more flexible model of work. Telework and ICT-based mobile work (TICTM) has emerged in this transition, giving workers and employers the ability to adapt the time and location of work to their needs. Despite the flexibility and higher level of worker autonomy inherent in TICTM, there are risks that this work arrangement leads to the deterioration of work–life balance, higher stress levels and failing worker health.Anticiper et gérer l’impact du changement, L’ère numérique: opportunités et défis pour le travail et l’emploi, Employment relationship, Health and well-being at work, Nouvelles formes d’emploi, Platform work, Teleworking, Work organisation, Équilibre entre vie professionnelle et vie privée, Working conditions, Les conditions de travail et le travail durable, Temps de travail
- Report20 Décembre 2019
Casual work, both intermittent and on-call, contributes to labour market flexibility and is therefore increasingly used across Europe. In some countries, practices go beyond the use of casual employment contracts to include other types of contracts and forms of self-employment.
- Blog17 Octobre 2019
It feels like every day there are new articles or blog posts about how Uber drivers are exploited, or on the bad working conditions and safety standards for Deliveroo riders. In an era of ‘fake news’ can we trust that these are accurate? They most likely are, and I agree that things are not all rosy with regards to employment and working conditions of platform workers. But we should be careful with generalising from such messages that all platform work is bad.
- Policy brief23 Septembre 2019
Le travail sur une plateforme a fait son apparition sur le marché du travail européen il y a une dizaine d’années. Bien qu’il soit encore peu développé, il prend de plus en plus d’ampleur et diverses formes. Les différents types de travail sur une plateforme ont des effets très variés sur les conditions de travail et d’emploi des travailleurs affiliés. Pour être efficaces, les réponses stratégiques destinées à garantir des conditions décentes dans le cadre du travail sur plateforme devraient tenir compte de ces différences, au lieu d’appliquer une approche universelle.
- Report13 Décembre 2018
This report examines the issues in relation to ‘work on demand’, a topic that has received considerable attention in the media recently, mainly due to its links with the platform economy. Work on demand is often presented as a ‘win–win situation’: workers get to tailor their work according to their personal responsibilities outside work, while businesses can design their workforce according to their needs.Platform work, Undeclared work, Work organisation, Working conditions, Équilibre entre vie professionnelle et vie privée, Nouvelles formes d’emploi, Fraudulent work, L’ère numérique: opportunités et défis pour le travail et l’emploi, Emploi et marchés du travail, Anticiper et gérer l’impact du changement, Les conditions de travail et le travail durable
- Blog2 Novembre 2018
In the abstract, platform work is the matching of supply and demand for paid work through an online platform. In practice, most people are likely to have encountered it through big online platforms such as Uber, Deliveroo or Amazon Mechanical Turk. This is a new form employment that began to emerge in Europe about a decade ago.
- Rosenvinge Ervik, Marthe
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- Flipo, Aurore
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