EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Greece: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations

Phase: Management
Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations
Last modified: 07 November, 2019
Native name:

Νόμος 4611/2019: Ρύθμιση οφειλών προς τους Φορείς Κοινωνικής Ασφάλισης, τη Φορολογική Διοίκηση και τους Ο.Τ.Α. α΄ βαθμού, Συνταξιοδοτικές Ρυθμίσεις Δημοσίου και λοιπές ασφαλιστικές και συνταξιοδοτικές διατάξεις, ενίσχυση της προστασίας των εργαζομένων και άλλες διατάξεις (ΦΕΚ Α' 73/17.05.2019 και Α' 75/22-05-2019); Νόμος 3996/2011ΑΝΑΜΟΡΦΩΣΗ ΤΟΥ ΣΩΜΑΤΟΣ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ, ΡΥΘΜΙΣΕΙΣ ΘΕΜΑΤΩΝ ΚΟΙΝΩΝΙΚΗΣ ΑΣΦΑΛΙΣΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΛΛΕΣ ΔΙΑΤΑΞΕΙΣ; Νόμος Υπ' Αριθ. 3850 / 2010: Κύρωση του Κώδικα νόμων για την υγεία και την ασφάλεια των εργαζομένων; Νόμος1387/1983 – Έλεγχος Ομαδικών Απολύσεων και άλλες διατάξεις

English name:

Law 4611/2019: Settlement of debts to social security institutions, the tax administration, and first-level local authorities; pension regulations for civil servants, and other insurance and pension provisions, strengthening the employees’ protection and other provisions (OJHR A 73/17.05.2019 and A 75/22-05-2019); Law 3996/2011 reforming the labour inspection body, social security regulations and other provisions; Law 3850 of 2010 ratifying the code of laws related to occupational safety and health; Law 1387/1983 on collective dismissals


Law 4611/2019, Chapter VI: Provisions concerning the labour inspectorate’s organisation: Article 60 Classification of labour law infringements; Article 62 Penalties in the event of opposition to inspections by the labour inspectorate; Law 3996/2011 Article 28, paragraph 4; Law 3850/2010 Article 10; Law 1387/1983 Article 6


In the event of non-compliance with the legislation, labour authorities can declare collective dismissals null and void, and severance payments may be required for dismissed workers. 'Collective dismissal' refers to dismissals affecting more than 6 employees in companies with 20 to 150 employees and to those affecting 5% of the workforce or 30 employees in companies with more than 150 employees. There are no specific provisions for non-compliance with dismissal regulations relating to cases of individual dismissals. No specific provision is in place to enable employees to take action against non-compliance: the same regulation applies as in any other case of termination of employment. The criteria according to which administrative penalties are imposed are the following: the seriousness of the offense; any repeated non-compliance with the instructions of the competent bodies; any similar offenses for which penalties have been imposed in the past; the degree of fault; the number of employees; the size of the undertaking; the employment regime; the number of employees affected; the inclusion of the undertaking in one of the categories (for example, agriculture, transport, storage and communication, metal mining, electricity, gas and steam) provided for under article 10 of Law 3850/2010 (OJHR A 84). In cases where obstruction of inspection takes place, may it be false data provision or denied entry to the premises, such shall be punished by imprisonment of at least one year or by a fine of at least €900 or both these penalties. A decision of the Minister of Labour, Social Security, and Social Solidarity shall categorise the violations, specify the criteria, determine the method of calculating the amount of the fine, and provide for cases where the amount of the fine may be adjusted.


Only a few cases have been brought for non-compliance. However, decision no. 1070/2010 of the Supreme Court is very important. According to this decision, the sanction provided by Law 1387/1983 in article 6, stating that 'collective dismissals made in violation of the provisions of the law are void', is the most appropriate and effective measure to prevent the employer from non-observance of the procedure for collective dismissals.

Cost covered by
  • Employer
Involved actors other than national government
  • Regional/local government
  • Other
Involvement others
Labour inspectorate
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