EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

498 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Typesort descending Native name English name
United Kingdom: Severance pay/redundancy compensation United Kingdom Severance pay/redundancy compensation Employment Rights Act 1996 Employment Rights Act 1996
Italy: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Italy Severance pay/redundancy compensation Legge 29 maggio 1982, n. 297, Disciplina del trattamento di fine rapporto e norme in materia pensionistica; Legge 23 agosto 2004, n. 243 Norme in materia pensionistica e deleghe al Governo nel settore della previdenza pubblica, per il sostegno alla previdenza complementare e all'occupazione stabile e per il riordino degli enti di previdenza ed assistenza obbligatoria; Legge 27 dicembre 2006, n. 296 Disposizioni per la formazione del bilancio annuale e pluriennale dello Stato (legge finanziaria 2007); Legge 4 agosto 2017, n. 124, Legge annuale per il mercato e la concorrenza Law 29 May 1982, no. 297, Regulation on severance pay and rules governing pensions; Law of 23 August 2004, n. 243 Pension regulations and government mandates in the public pension sector, to support supplementary pensions and stable employment and for the reorganisation of social security and mandatory assistance; Law of 27 December 2006, n. 296 Provisions for the formation of the annual and multi-year state budget (2007 financial law); Law no. 124/2017, Annual law for the market and competition
Spain: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Spain Severance pay/redundancy compensation Estatuto de los Trabajadores (ET); Real-Decreto ley 10/2010, de 16 de junio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo; Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado laboral Statute of Workers’ Rights; Royal Decree law 10/2010 of 16 June on urgent measures to reform the labour market; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market
Estonia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Estonia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Töölepingu seadus; Töötuskindlustuse seadus Employment contracts act; Unemployment insurance act
Belgium: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Belgium Severance pay/redundancy compensation Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi /13 februari 1998 Wet houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Act of 13 February 1998 measures to promote employment
Lithuania: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Lithuania Severance pay/redundancy compensation Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603, LR garantijų darbuotojams jų darbdaviui tapus nemokiam ir ilgalaikio darbo išmokų įstatymas Nr. XII-2604, LR Vyriausybės nutarimas Nr. 576 „Dėl Ilgalaikio darbo išmokų fondo nuostatų patvirtinimo“, Vidutinio darbo užmokesčio skaičiavimo tvarkos aprašas, patvirtintas LR Vyriausybės nutarimu Nr. 496 Labour code No XII-2603, Law on guarantees for employees in the event of employer insolvency and long-term service allowances No XII-2604, Resolution No 576 of the government of the Republic of Lithuania on the approval of regulations of the Long-term Allowance Fund, Description of the average wage calculation procedure approved by the resolution of the government of the Republic of Lithuania No 496
Luxembourg: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Luxembourg Severance pay/redundancy compensation Code du travail Labour Code
Portugal: Time off for job search Portugal Time off for job search Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Spain: Time off for job search Spain Time off for job search Estatuto de los Trabajadores (ET); Real Decreto-ley 10/2010, de 16 de junio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo Statute of Workers’ Rights; Royal Decree law 10/2010 of 16 June on urgent measures to reform the labour market
Austria: Time off for job search Austria Time off for job search Allgemeines Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (ABGB); Angestelltengesetz (AngG) General Civil Code (ABGB); Employees Act (AngG)
Bulgaria: Time off for job search Bulgaria Time off for job search Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Czechia: Time off for job search Czechia Time off for job search Nařízení vlády č. 590/2006 Sb., kterým se stanoví okruh a rozsah jiných důležitých osobních překážek v práci Government Regulation No. 590/2006 Coll., on the range and extent of other important personal obstacles to work
Belgium: Time off for job search Belgium Time off for job search Loi sur le contrat de travail du 3 juillet 1978/Wet betreffende de arbeidsovereenkomsten (3 Juli 1978) Law on Employment Contracts of 3 July 1978
Sweden: Time off for job search Sweden Time off for job search Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment protection act (1982:80)
Poland: Time off for job search Poland Time off for job search Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 - Kodeks Pracy Act of 26.06.1974 - Labour Code
Finland: Time off for job search Finland Time off for job search Työsopimuslaki (55/2001) The Employment Contracts Act (55/2001)
Croatia: Time off for job search Croatia Time off for job search Zakon o radu 93/2014, 127/17 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17
Slovakia: Time off for job search Slovakia Time off for job search Zákonník práce Labour Code
Slovenia: Time off for job search Slovenia Time off for job search Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Ireland: Time off for job search Ireland Time off for job search Redundancy Payments Act 1979 Redundancy Payments Act 1979