EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Typesort ascending Native name English name
Bulgaria: Working time flexibility Bulgaria Working time flexibility Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Slovakia: Working time flexibility Slovakia Working time flexibility Zákonník práce Labour Code
Greece: Working time flexibility Greece Working time flexibility Νόμος 4611/2019: Ρύθμιση οφειλών προς τους Φορείς Κοινωνικής Ασφάλισης, τη Φορολογική Διοίκηση και τους Ο.Τ.Α. α΄ βαθμού, Συνταξιοδοτικές Ρυθμίσεις Δημοσίου και λοιπές ασφαλιστικές και συνταξιοδοτικές διατάξεις, ενίσχυση της προστασίας των εργαζομένων και άλλες διατάξεις, (ΦΕΚ Α' 73/17.05.2019 και Α' 75/22-05-2019); Έγγραφο 34186/564/18-8-2015, Υπ. Εργασίας, Κοινωνικής Ασφάλισης και Κοινωνικής Αλληλεγγύης, Παροχή πληροφόρησης επί χρονικών ορίων εργασίας; Νόμος 3986/2011Επείγοντα Μέτρα Εφαρμογής Μεσοπρόθεσμου Πλαισίου Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2012 - 2015; N. 3846/2010 Εγγυήσεις γαι την εργασιακή ασφάλεια και άλλες διατάξεις Law 4611/2019: Settlement of debts to social security institutions, the tax administration, and first-level local authorities, pension regulations for civil servants, and other insurance and pension provisions, strengthening the employees’ protection and other provisions' (OJHR A-73/17.05.2019 and A-75/22-05-2019); Circular 34186/564/18-8-2015, Ministry of Labour, Social Security and Social Solidarity, information on working times; Law 3986/2011: Urgent measures for the implementation of the medium-term financial strategy framework 2012 - 2015; Law 3846/2010 Guarantees for employment security and other provisions
Poland: Working time flexibility Poland Working time flexibility Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. - Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 11.10.2013 r. o szczególnych rozwiązaniach związanych z ochroną miejsc pracy Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 11.10.2013 on special solutions related to the protection of jobs
Romania: Working time flexibility Romania Working time flexibility Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
United Kingdom: Working time flexibility United Kingdom Working time flexibility Employment Rights Act 1996 Employment Rights Act 1996
Austria: Working time flexibility Austria Working time flexibility Arbeitsmarktservicegesetz (AMSG); Arbeitszeitgesetz (AZG) Public Employment Service Act (AMSG); Working Times Act (AZG)
Netherlands: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Netherlands Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Loongarantieregeling/Werkloosheidswet – WW Pay guarantee regulation/Unemployment Insurance Act
Belgium: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Belgium Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Loi du 28 juin 1966 relative à l'indemnisation des travailleurs licenciés en cas de fermeture d'entreprises Law of 28 June 1966 regarding the indemnification of employees that have been laid off as a consequence of a closing of an undertaking
Norway: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Norway Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Lov om statsgaranti for lønnskrav ved konkurs m.v. (lønnsgarantiloven) Act on state guarantee for wages in case of insolvency
Poland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Poland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ustawa z dnia 13.07.2006 r. dotycząca ochrony roszczeń pracowników w przypadku niewypłacalności pracodawcy Act of 13.07.2006 concerning the protection of workers' claims in the event of the insolvency of their employer
Romania: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Romania Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Legea nr. 200/2006 privind constituirea şi utilizarea Fondului de garantare pentru plata creanţelor salariale; Legea nr. 227/2015 - Codul fiscal Law no. 200/2006 regarding the establishment and use of a guarantee fund for debt salaries; Law no. 227/2015 - Fiscal Code
Portugal: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Portugal Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Código do Trabalho; Lei 71/2018 de 31 de Dezembro; Lei 210/2015 de 25 de Setembro Labour code; Law 71/2018 of 31 December; Law 210/2015 of 25 September
Cyprus: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Cyprus Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ν. 25(I)/2001 - Ο περί της Προστασίας των Δικαιωμάτων των Εργοδοτουμένων σε Περίπτωση Αφερεγγυότητας του Εργοδότη Νόμος του 2001, όπως τροποποιήθηκε από Ν. 14(I)/2006, Ν. 89(I)/2006, Ν. 20(I)/2008, N. 13(I)/2014 Law regulating the protection of the rights of employees in the event of the employer's insolvency law 25(I)2001; amended by law 14 (I)2006, law 89(I)2006 and law 20(I)/2008, law 13(I)/2014
Spain: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Spain Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Real Decreto Legislativo 1/1995, Ley 22/2003, Real Decreto 20/2012 Legal Decree 1/1995, Law 22/2003, Royal Decree 20/2012
Slovakia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Slovakia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Zákon o socialnom poisteni č. 461/2003; Zakon o konkurze a restrukturalizacii č. 7/2005, v zneni neskorsich predpisov; Zákonník práce č. 311/2001 Act on Social Insurance No. 461/2003; Act on Bankruptcy and Restructuring No. 7/2005, as amended; Act on Labour Code No. 311/2001
Finland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Finland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Palkkaturvalaki (866/1998) Pay security act (866/1998)
Denmark: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Denmark Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Bekendtgørelse af lov om Lønmodtagernes Garantifond (LBK nr 686 af 20/06/2011) Danish Act on the Employees' Guarantee Fund (Consolidation Act no 686 of 20/06/2011)
Croatia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Croatia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Stečajni zakon 71/15, 104/17; Zakon o osiguranju radničkih tražbina 70/17 Bankruptcy Act 71/15, 104/17; Act on ensuring workers' claims 70/17
Greece: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Greece Wage guarantee in case of insolvency ΠΟΛ.1027/2018 Τροποποίηση του Πτωχευτικού Κώδικα (ν. 3588/2007 - Α' 153) με τους ν. 4446/2016 (Α'240), ν. 4472/2017 (Α' 74), ν. 4491/2017 (Α' 152) και ν. 4512/2018 (Α'5): Επισήμανση βασικών μεταβολών στη διαδικασία της πτώχευσης και παροχή οδηγιών; Ν. 1836/1989 - Προώθηση της απασχόλησης και της επαγγελματικής κατάρτισης και άλλες διατάξεις Circular no. 1027/2018 Amendment of the bankruptcy code (Law 3588/2007 – GG Α 153) by Law 4446/2016 (GG A 240), Law 4472/2017 (GG A 74), Law 4491/2017 (GG 152) and Law 4512/2018 (GG A 5): Key changes in the bankruptcy process and provision of directions; Law 1836/1989 - Promoting employment and vocational training and other provisions