EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Operations
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Countrysort descending Type Native name English name
Poland: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Poland Staff information and consultation on business transfers Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. - Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 23.05.1991 o związkach zawodowych; Ustawa z dnia 23.04.1964 r. -Kodeks cywilny Act of 26.06.1974 - Labour Code; Act of 23.05.1991 on trade unions; Act of 23.04.1964 - Civil Code
Poland: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Poland Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'
Poland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Poland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ustawa z dnia 13.07.2006 r. dotycząca ochrony roszczeń pracowników w przypadku niewypłacalności pracodawcy Act of 13.07.2006 concerning the protection of workers' claims in the event of the insolvency of their employer
Poland: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Poland Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Ustawa z dnia 07.04.2006 r. o informowaniu pracowników i przeprowadzaniu z nimi konsultacji; Ustawa z dnia 23.05.1991r. o związkach zawodowych; Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 r. o o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników -'ustawa o zwolnieniach grupowych' Act of 07.04.2006 on informing and consulting employees; Act of 23.05.1991 on trade unions; Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'
Poland: Working time flexibility Poland Working time flexibility Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. - Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 11.10.2013 r. o szczególnych rozwiązaniach związanych z ochroną miejsc pracy Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 11.10.2013 on special solutions related to the protection of jobs
Poland: Employers obligation to support redundant employees Poland Employers obligation to support redundant employees Ustawa z dnia 20.04.2004 o promocji zatrudnienia i instytucjach rynku pracy (tekst jednolity: Dz.U. z 2008 r. Nr 69, poz 415) wdrożone 25.04.2008 Act of 20.04.2004 on promoting employment and labour market institutions (consolidated text: Journal of Laws of 2008, no. 69, item 415) implemented 25.04.2008
Poland: Rescue procedures in insolvency Poland Rescue procedures in insolvency Ustawa z dnia 15.05.2015 r. - Prawo restrukturyzacyjne; Ustawa z dnia 28.02.2003 r. - Prawo upadłościowe (do 31.12.2015 r. pod nazwą -Prawo upadłościowe i naprawcze) Act of 15.05.2015 -Restructuring Law; Act of 28.02.2003 - Bankruptcy Law (until 31.12.2003 under the name - Bankruptcy and Reorganisation Law)
Poland: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Poland Employment protection in relation to business transfers Ustawa z 26.06.1974 -Kodeks Pracy; Ustawa z dnia 23.05.1991 o związkach zawodowych; Ustawa z dnia 5 lipca 2018 r. o zarządzie sukcesyjnym przedsiębiorstwem osoby fizycznej Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 23.05.1991 on Trade Unions; Act of 5 July 2018 on the succession management of a natural person enterprise
Portugal: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Portugal Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Portugal Employment protection in relation to business transfers Código do Trabalho (Transmissão de empresa ou estabelecimento), alterado pela Lei 14/2018 de 20 de março (Altera o regime jurídico aplicável à transmissão de empresa ou estabelecimento e reforça os direitos dos trabalhadores, procedendo à décima terceira alteração ao Código do Trabalho) Labour code (transfer of undertaking) amended by Law 14/2018 of 20 March (Changes the legal regime applicable to the transfer of business or establishment and reinforces the rights of workers, making the 13th amendement to the labor code)
Portugal: Employees obligation to undertake training Portugal Employees obligation to undertake training Código do trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Company incentives to deploy electric vehicles Portugal Company incentives to deploy electric vehicles Lei da Fiscalidade Verde (Lei 82-D/2014 de 31 de Dezembro); Despacho 2535/2021 of 5 March Green Tax Law (Law 82-D/2014 of 31 December): Order 2535/2021 of 5 March
Portugal: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Portugal Staff information and consultation on business transfers Código do Trabalho, Lei 7/2009 de 12 de Fevereiro, alterado pela lei 18/2021 de 8 de Abril Labour Code - Law 7/2009 of 12 February, amended by Law 18/2021 of 8 April
Portugal: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Portugal Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Código do trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Portugal Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Código do trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Time off for job search Portugal Time off for job search Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Portugal Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Código do Trabalho; Lei 27/2014 de 8 de Maio de 2014 Labour Code; Law 27/2014 of 8 May 2014
Portugal: Definition of collective dismissal Portugal Definition of collective dismissal Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Rescue procedures in insolvency Portugal Rescue procedures in insolvency Código da Insolvência e da Recuperação de Empresas (CIRE); Decreto-Lei n.º 53/2004, alterado pela Lei 6/2018 de 22 de Fevereiro - estabelece o estatuto do mediador de recuperação de empresas e pela Lei 8/2018 de 2 de Março - Regime Extrajudicial de Recuperação de Empresas Insolvency and business recovery code; Decree Law no. 53/2004, amended by Law 6/2018 of 22 February - establishes the business recovery mediator and by Law 8/2018 of 2 March - Extrajudicial recovery procedure
Portugal: Working time flexibility Portugal Working time flexibility Código do trabalho; Decreto-Lei 220/2006 de 3 Novembro Labour code; Decree-Law 220/2006 of 3 November

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