EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Operations
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Type Native namesort ascending English name
Belgium: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Belgium Severance pay/redundancy compensation Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi /13 februari 1998 Wet houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Act of 13 February 1998 measures to promote employment
Belgium: Company incentives to deploy electric vehicles Belgium Company incentives to deploy electric vehicles Loi concernant l'instauration d'un budget mobilité Law on the mobility budget
Belgium: Employers obligation to support redundant employees Belgium Employers obligation to support redundant employees Loi 23 decembre 2005 relative au Pacte de solidarité entre les generations/Wet betreffende het generatiepact; Wet van 23 december 2005 tot de verbetering van de werkgelegenheidsgraad van de werknemers; Convention collective de travail n° 82 du 10 juillet 2002 relative au droit au reclassement professionnel pour les travailleurs de quarante-cinq ans et plus qui sont licenciés/Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 82 van 10 juli 2002 betreffende het recht op outplacement voor werknemers van 45 jaar en ouder die worden ontslagen; Collectieve arbeidsovereenkost nr. 82 bis van 17 juli 2007 tot wijziging van CAO 82 Law 23 December 2005 with regard to inter-generational solidarity pact; Collective agreement n°82 of 10 July 2002 on the redeployment of dismissed workers aged 45 and older; Collective agreement nr. 82 bis of 17 July 2007 changing collective agreement 82
Spain: Rescue procedures in insolvency Spain Rescue procedures in insolvency Ley Concursal (Real Decreto Legislativo 1/2020) Insolvency Law (Legislative Royal Decree Law 1/2020)
Spain: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Spain Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado laboral; Real Decreto 801/2011, de 10 de junio, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de los procedimientos de regulación de empleo y de actuación administrativa en materia de traslados colectivos; Estatuto de los Trabajadores; Real Decreto 43/1996, de 19 de enero, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de los procedimientos de regulación de empleo y de actuación administrativa en materia de traslados colectivos Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market; Royal Decree 801/2011 of 10 June that enacts Regulation of the procedures of employment regulation and administrative measures in cases of collective relocation; Statute of Workers’ Rights; Royal Decree 43/1996 of 19 January that approves the rules of the procedures of employment regulation and administrative actions in collective transfers
Spain: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Spain Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Ley 10/1997, de 24 de abril, sobre derechos de información y consulta de los trabajadores en las empresas y grupos de empresas de dimensión comunitaria; Estatuto de los Trabajadores (ET); Ley 12/2001 del 9 de julio de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo para el incremento de empleo y para la mejora de su calidad; Real Decreto 801/2011, de 10 de junio, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de los procedimientos de regulación de empleo y de actuación administrativa en materia de traslados colectivos; Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo; Real Decreto ley 11/2013 para la protección de los trabajadores a tiempo parcial y otras medidas urgentes en el orden económico y social Law 10/1997 of 24 April on European Works Councils; Statute of workers’ rights; Law 12/2001 of 9 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market, to increase employment and to improve its quality; Royal Decree 801/2011 of 10 June that enacts regulation of the procedures of employment regulation and administrative measures in cases of collective relocation; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market; Royal Decree law 11/2013 for the protection of part-time workers and other urgent measures in the economic and social field
Portugal: Company incentives to deploy electric vehicles Portugal Company incentives to deploy electric vehicles Lei da Fiscalidade Verde (Lei 82-D/2014 de 31 de Dezembro); Despacho 2535/2021 of 5 March Green Tax Law (Law 82-D/2014 of 31 December): Order 2535/2021 of 5 March
Malta: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Malta Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 ta’ l-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviżi Legali 427 u 442 ta’ l-2004) u Avviz Legali 281 of 2017; Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002 Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002, as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004 and L.N. 281 of 2017; Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002
Malta: Definition of collective dismissal Malta Definition of collective dismissal Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002 kif emendat bl- Avviżi Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004 u Avviz Legali 281 of 2017​) Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002 as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004 and L.N. 281 of 2017)
Malta: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Malta Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 of 2002, kif emendat bl-Avviżi Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004 u 281 tal-2017); L-Att Dwar l-Impjieg u Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002 - Artikli 36 u 81 Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002, as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004, and L.N. 281 of 2017); Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002 - Articles 36 and 81
Italy: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Italy Severance pay/redundancy compensation Legge 29 maggio 1982, n. 297, Disciplina del trattamento di fine rapporto e norme in materia pensionistica; Legge 23 agosto 2004, n. 243 Norme in materia pensionistica e deleghe al Governo nel settore della previdenza pubblica, per il sostegno alla previdenza complementare e all'occupazione stabile e per il riordino degli enti di previdenza ed assistenza obbligatoria; Legge 27 dicembre 2006, n. 296 Disposizioni per la formazione del bilancio annuale e pluriennale dello Stato (legge finanziaria 2007); Legge 4 agosto 2017, n. 124, Legge annuale per il mercato e la concorrenza Law 29 May 1982, no. 297, Regulation on severance pay and rules governing pensions; Law of 23 August 2004, n. 243 Pension regulations and government mandates in the public pension sector, to support supplementary pensions and stable employment and for the reorganisation of social security and mandatory assistance; Law of 27 December 2006, n. 296 Provisions for the formation of the annual and multi-year state budget (2007 financial law); Law no. 124/2017, Annual law for the market and competition
Italy: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Italy Staff information and consultation on business transfers Legge 29 dicembre 1990, n. 428, Disposizioni per l’adempimento di obblighi derivanti dall’appartenenza dell’Italia alle Comunità europee Law 29 December 1990, no. 428, Provisions for the fulfillment of obligations deriving from Italy’s membership of the European Communities
Italy: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Italy Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Legge 29 dicembre 1990, n. 428, Disposizioni per l'adempimento di obblighi derivanti dall'appartenenza dell'Italia alle Comunità europee; Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Decreto Legislativo 6 febbraio 2007, n. 25, Attuazione della direttiva 2002/14/CE che istituisce un quadro generale relativo all’informazione e alla consultazione dei lavoratori Law 29 December 1990, n. 428, Provisions for the fulfillment of obligations deriving from Italy's membership of the European Communities; Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Legislative Decree 6 February 2007, no. 25, Implementation of European Directive 2002/14/EC which sets up a general framework for workers’ information and consultation
Italy: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Italy Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Legge 28 giugno 2012, n. 92, Disposizioni in materia di riforma del mercato del lavoro in una prospettiva di crescita Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Law of 28 June 2012, n. 92, Provisions on labor market reform with a view to growth
Italy: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Italy Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Legge 28 giugno 2012, n. 92, Disposizioni in materia di riforma del mercato del lavoro in una prospettiva di crescita; Decreto Legislativo 4 marzo 2015, n. 23. Disposizioni in materia di contratto di lavoro a tempo indeterminato a tutele crescenti; Decreto legge 12 luglio 2018, n. 87, Disposizioni urgenti per la dignita' dei lavoratori e delle imprese Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Law of 28 June 2012, n. 92, Provisions on labor market reform with a view to growth; Legislative Decree 4 March 2015, no. 23. Provisions on the open-ended employment contract with growing protections; Decree Law 12 July 2018, n. 87, Urgent provisions for the dignity of workers and businesses
Italy: Definition of collective dismissal Italy Definition of collective dismissal Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Decreto Legislativo 8 aprile 1004, n. 110, Modifiche ed integrazioni alla legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, in materia di licenziamenti collettivi; Decreto legislativo n. 149 14/09/2015 Disposizioni per la razionalizzazione e la semplificazione dell'attività ispettiva in materia di lavoro e legislazione sociale, in attuazione della legge 10 dicembre 2014, n. 183; Decreto Legislativo n. 61 del 18 maggio 2018 (Marittimi) Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Legislative Decree 8 April 2004, no. 110, Modification and integrations to Law 23 July 1993, no. 223, concerning collective dismissals; Legislative Decree n. 149 14/09/2015 Provisions for the rationalisation and simplification of inspection work and social legislation, in implementation of the law of 10 December 2014, n. 183; Legislative Decree no.61 of 18 May 2018 (seafarers)
Italy: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Italy Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Decreto Legislativo 14 Settembre 2015, n. 148; Decreto Legislativo 12 gennaio 2019, n. 14 Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Legislative decree 14 September 2015, No. 148; Legislative decree 12 January 2019, No.14
Italy: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Italy Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions
Italy: Employers obligation to support redundant employees Italy Employers obligation to support redundant employees Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions
Italy: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Italy Reemployment obligation after restructuring Legge 29 aprile 1949, n. 264, Provvedimenti in materia di avviamento al lavoro e di assistenza dei lavoratori involontariamente disoccupati Law 29 April 1949, no. 264, Provisions concerning access to work and support to involuntarily unemployed people

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