EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Typesort descending Native name English name
Denmark: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Denmark Severance pay/redundancy compensation Bekendtgørelse af lov om retsforholdet mellem arbejdsgivere og funktionærer (LBK nr 81 af 03/02/2009) The Danish Act on the legal Relationship between Employers and Salaried Employees (Consolidation Act no. 81 of 3 February 2009)
France: Severance pay/redundancy compensation France Severance pay/redundancy compensation Code du travail Labour code
Portugal: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Portugal Severance pay/redundancy compensation Código do Trabalho; Lei 69/2013, de 30 de Agosto; Decreto-Lei 210/2015 de 25 Setembro; Lei 70/2013 de 30 Agosto Labour Code; Law 69/2013 of 30 August; Decree-Law 210/2015 of 25 September; Law 70/2013 of 30 August
Poland: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Poland Severance pay/redundancy compensation Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. -Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników; Ustawa z dnia 21.08. 2004 r. o świadczeniach opieki zdrowotnej finansowanych ze środków publicznych; Ustawa z dnia 26.07.1991 r. o podatku dochodowym od osób fizycznych; Rozporządzenie Ministra Pracy i Polityki Społecznej z dnia 18.12.1998 r. w sprawie szczególnych zasad ustalania podstawy wymiaru składki na ubezpieczenie emerytalne i rentowe Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'; Act of 21.08.2004 on publicly-funded health care services; Act of 26.07.1991 on the personal income tax; Regulation of the Minister of Labor and Social Policy of 18.12.1998 on the detailed rules for establishing the basis of assessment of pension contributions
Cyprus: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Cyprus Severance pay/redundancy compensation Ν. 24/1967 - Ο περί Τερματισμού Απασχολήσεως Νόμος του 1967 Termination of employment law 1967 (law 24/1967)
Croatia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Croatia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Zakon o radu 93/2014, 127/17; Pravilnik o porezu na dohodak 10/17, 128/17, 106/18, 1/19 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17; The Book of Rule on the Law on Personal Income Tax 10/17, 128/17, 106/18, 1/19
Germany: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Germany Severance pay/redundancy compensation Kündigungsschutzgesetz; Betriebsverfassungsgesetz Employment Protection Act; Works Constitution Act
Ireland: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Ireland Severance pay/redundancy compensation Redundancy Payments Acts 1967-2007 Redundancy Payments Acts 1967-2007
Latvia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Latvia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Darba likums Labour law
Czechia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Czechia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Zákon č. 262/2006 Sb., Zákoník práce v posledním znění (novelizován v roku 2011 zákonem č. 365/2011 Sb.) Law No. 262/2006 Coll., Labour Code - latest edition (amended by Law No. 365/2011 Coll.)
Slovakia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Slovakia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Zákonník práce Labour Code
Greece: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Greece Severance pay/redundancy compensation Νόμος 4611/2019: Ρύθμιση οφειλών προς τους Φορείς Κοινωνικής Ασφάλισης, τη Φορολογική Διοίκηση και τους Ο.Τ.Α. α΄ βαθμού, Συνταξιοδοτικές Ρυθμίσεις Δημοσίου και λοιπές ασφαλιστικές και συνταξιοδοτικές διατάξεις, ενίσχυση της προστασίας των εργαζομένων και άλλες διατάξεις; N. 4488/2017: Συνταξιοδοτικές ρυθμίσεις Δημοσίου και λοιπές ασφαλιστικές διατάξεις, ενίσχυση της προστασίας των εργαζομένων, δικαιώματα ατόμων με αναπηρίες και άλλες διατάξεις, (ΦΕΚ Α' 137/13-09-2017); Νόμος 4093/2012: Eγκριση Μεσοπρόθεσμου Πλαισίου Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2013−2016 − Επείγοντα Μέτρα Εφαρμογής του ν. 4046/2012 και του Μεσοπρόθεσμου Πλαισίου Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2013−2016 Law 4611/2019: Settlement of debts to social security institutions, the tax administration, and first-level local authorities, pension Regulations for civil servants, and other insurance and pension provisions, strengthening the employees’ protection and other provisions (OJHR A-73/17.05.2019 and A-75/22-05-2019); Law 4488/2017: Pension regulations for civil servants, and other insurance provisions, strengthening the employees’ protection, rights of persons with disabilities, and other provisions (Law No. 3863/2010 on social security, July 2010 (Government Gazette, Bulletin Α 115/15.07.2010), as last amended by Law 4488/2017 of 13 September 2017; Law 4093/2012: Adoption of the medium-term fiscal Strategy 2013-2016 - Urgent measures for the implementation of Law 4046/2012 and the medium-term financial strategy 2013-2016
Austria: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Austria Severance pay/redundancy compensation Betriebliches Mitarbeiter- und Selbständigenvorsorgegesetz (BMSVG) Federal Act on Corporate Staff and Self-Employment Provision (BMSVG)
Hungary: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Hungary Severance pay/redundancy compensation 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code
Romania: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Romania Severance pay/redundancy compensation Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Slovenia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Slovenia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Bulgaria: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Bulgaria Severance pay/redundancy compensation Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Netherlands: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Netherlands Severance pay/redundancy compensation Burgerlijk Wetboek (transitievergoeding); Ontslagregeling UWV van 1 juli 2016; Wet arbeidsmarkt in balans (WAB) van 1 januari 2020 Civil code (transition payment); Royal decree on dismissals of 1 July 2016; Balanced labour market act of 1 January 2020
Malta: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Malta Severance pay/redundancy compensation Kap 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002 Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002
Finland: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Finland Severance pay/redundancy compensation Valtion virkamiesten eroraha-asetus (999/1994) Decree on State Officials' Severance Pay (999/1994)