EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Typesort ascending Native name English name
United Kingdom: Working time flexibility United Kingdom Working time flexibility Employment Rights Act 1996 Employment Rights Act 1996
Austria: Working time flexibility Austria Working time flexibility Arbeitsmarktservicegesetz (AMSG); Arbeitszeitgesetz (AZG) Public Employment Service Act (AMSG); Working Times Act (AZG)
France: Working time flexibility France Working time flexibility Code du travail Ordonnance n° 2020-346 of 27 March 2020 Labour Code Ordonnance n° 2020-346 of 27 March 2020
Czechia: Working time flexibility Czechia Working time flexibility Zákon o zaměstnanosti, zákon č. 435/2004 Sb., Zákoník práce, zákon č. 262/2006 Sb. Employment Act (Law No. 435/2004 Coll.), Labour Code (Law No. 262/2006 Coll.)
Netherlands: Working time flexibility Netherlands Working time flexibility Wet op flexibel werken; Law on flexible work;
Belgium: Working time flexibility Belgium Working time flexibility Loi du 29 mars 2012 portant des dispositions diverses relatives au travail/Wet 29 maart 2012 houdende diverse bepalingen; Arrêté-loi du 28 décembre 1944 concernant la sécurité sociale des travailleurs complété par les arrêtés royaux du 26 mars 2003, 29 mars 2006 and 1 septembre 2006/Besluitwet van 28 december 1944 betreffende de maatschappelijke zekerheid der arbeiders aangevuld met Koninklijk besluit van 26 maart 2003, 29 maart 2006 en 1 september 2006; Loi de redressement contenant des dispositions sociales du 22 janvier 1985/Herstelwet houdende sociale bepalingen van 22 januari 1985 Labour Act of 29 March 2012 containing various provisions relating to work; Law-decree of 28 December 1944 on social security for employees, completed with royal decrees of 26 March 2003, 29 March 2006 and 1 September 2006; Law of 22 January 1985 on social provisions
Slovenia: Working time flexibility Slovenia Working time flexibility Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Portugal: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Portugal Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Código do Trabalho; Lei 71/2018 de 31 de Dezembro; Lei 210/2015 de 25 de Setembro Labour code; Law 71/2018 of 31 December; Law 210/2015 of 25 September
Cyprus: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Cyprus Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ν. 25(I)/2001 - Ο περί της Προστασίας των Δικαιωμάτων των Εργοδοτουμένων σε Περίπτωση Αφερεγγυότητας του Εργοδότη Νόμος του 2001, όπως τροποποιήθηκε από Ν. 14(I)/2006, Ν. 89(I)/2006, Ν. 20(I)/2008, N. 13(I)/2014 Law regulating the protection of the rights of employees in the event of the employer's insolvency law 25(I)2001; amended by law 14 (I)2006, law 89(I)2006 and law 20(I)/2008, law 13(I)/2014
Spain: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Spain Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Real Decreto Legislativo 1/1995, Ley 22/2003, Real Decreto 20/2012 Legal Decree 1/1995, Law 22/2003, Royal Decree 20/2012
Slovakia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Slovakia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Zákon o socialnom poisteni č. 461/2003; Zakon o konkurze a restrukturalizacii č. 7/2005, v zneni neskorsich predpisov; Zákonník práce č. 311/2001 Act on Social Insurance No. 461/2003; Act on Bankruptcy and Restructuring No. 7/2005, as amended; Act on Labour Code No. 311/2001
Finland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Finland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Palkkaturvalaki (866/1998) Pay security act (866/1998)
Denmark: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Denmark Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Bekendtgørelse af lov om Lønmodtagernes Garantifond (LBK nr 686 af 20/06/2011) Danish Act on the Employees' Guarantee Fund (Consolidation Act no 686 of 20/06/2011)
Croatia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Croatia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Stečajni zakon 71/15, 104/17; Zakon o osiguranju radničkih tražbina 70/17 Bankruptcy Act 71/15, 104/17; Act on ensuring workers' claims 70/17
Greece: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Greece Wage guarantee in case of insolvency ΠΟΛ.1027/2018 Τροποποίηση του Πτωχευτικού Κώδικα (ν. 3588/2007 - Α' 153) με τους ν. 4446/2016 (Α'240), ν. 4472/2017 (Α' 74), ν. 4491/2017 (Α' 152) και ν. 4512/2018 (Α'5): Επισήμανση βασικών μεταβολών στη διαδικασία της πτώχευσης και παροχή οδηγιών; Ν. 1836/1989 - Προώθηση της απασχόλησης και της επαγγελματικής κατάρτισης και άλλες διατάξεις Circular no. 1027/2018 Amendment of the bankruptcy code (Law 3588/2007 – GG Α 153) by Law 4446/2016 (GG A 240), Law 4472/2017 (GG A 74), Law 4491/2017 (GG 152) and Law 4512/2018 (GG A 5): Key changes in the bankruptcy process and provision of directions; Law 1836/1989 - Promoting employment and vocational training and other provisions
France: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency France Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Code du travail Labour Code
Estonia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Estonia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Töötuskindlustuse seadus Unemployment insurance act
Slovenia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Slovenia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Zakon o finančnem poslovanju, postopkih zaradi insolventnosti in prisilnem prenehanju (ZFPPIPP); Zakon o javnem štipendijskem, razvojnem, invalidskem in preživninskem skladu Republike Slovenije (ZJSRS) Financial Operations, Insolvency Proceedings and Compulsory Dissolution Act (ZFPPIPP); Public Scholarship, Development, Disability and Maintenance Fund of the Republic of Slovenia Act (ZJSRS)
Hungary: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Hungary Wage guarantee in case of insolvency 1994. évi LXVI. törvény a Bérgarancia Alapról; 1991. évi XLIX. törvény a csődeljárásról és a felszámolási eljárásról Act LXVI of 1994 on Wage guarantee fund; Act XLIX of 1991 on bankruptcy proceedings and liquidation proceedings
Sweden: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Sweden Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Lönegarantilag (1992:497) Wage guarantee act (1992:497)